Étude et développement de substrats microporeux pour l'adsorption du radon et son application en physique du neutrino

Abstract : The neutrino is one of the twelve elementary particles from the standard model. It is characterize by a neutral electrical charge and an extremely low mass. Many experiments have been set up in order to study the properties of neutrino. Despite scientific breakthrough, the nature of this particle is still unknown up to now. The NEMO collaboration is studying the neutrinoless double beta decay, a very rare radioactive process, to find out the nature of neutrino and to know if the neutrino is equivalent to the antineutrino. Today, the NEMO collaboration is building a new detector called SuperNEMO. The gas inside the detector need to have a concentration in radon below 100 μBq/m3, to minimize the radioactive background. The purification of this gas is achieved from the adsorption of radon by microporous material. In this work, we have developed in CPPM a bench test to measure the radon adsorption by various materials, in order to propose an adsorption model, and to reach the purity condition needed for SuperNEMO. Along with the study on adsorbents available and to better understand the radon adsorption, we synthetized and studied at CINaM star-shape polyaromatic hydrocarbons and branched or dendritic aromatic polymers, incorporating sulfur, to adsorb radon.
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Raymond Noel. Étude et développement de substrats microporeux pour l'adsorption du radon et son application en physique du neutrino. Chimie organique. UNIVERSITÉ D’AIX-MARSEILLE, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01521979⟩

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