P. A. Dirac, The quantum theory of the electron, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, pp.610-624, 1928.

P. A. Dirac, A Theory of Electrons and Protons, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.126, issue.801, pp.360-365, 1930.
DOI : 10.1098/rspa.1930.0013

P. A. Dirac, Quantised Singularities in the Electromagnetic Field, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.133, issue.821, pp.60-72, 1931.
DOI : 10.1098/rspa.1931.0130

C. D. Anderson, THE APPARENT EXISTENCE OF EASILY DEFLECTABLE POSITIVES, Science, vol.76, issue.1967, pp.238-239, 1932.
DOI : 10.1126/science.76.1967.238

C. M. Lattes, G. P. Occhialini, and &. C. Powell, Observations on the tracks of slow mesons in photographic emulsions, Nature, issue.4066, pp.160-453, 1947.

G. D. Rochester and &. C. Butler, Evidence for the Existence of New Unstable Elementary Particles, Nature, vol.160, issue.4077, pp.160-855, 1947.
DOI : 10.1038/160855a0

O. Chamberlain, E. Segrè, C. Wiegand, and &. T. Ypsilantis, Observation of Antiprotons, Physical Review, vol.4, issue.3, p.947, 1955.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.ns.04.120154.001041

B. Cork, G. R. Lambertson, O. Piccioni, and &. W. Wenzel, Antineutrons Produced from Antiprotons in Charge-Exchange Collisions, Physical Review, vol.102, issue.4, p.1193, 1956.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRev.102.921

D. E. Dorfan, J. Eades, L. M. Lederman, W. Lee, and &. C. Ting, Observation of Antideuterons, Physical Review Letters, vol.31, issue.24, p.1003, 1965.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02821668

T. Massam, T. Muller, B. Righini, M. Schneegans, and &. A. Zichichi, Experimental observation of antideuteron production, Il Nuovo Cimento A, vol.25, issue.1, pp.10-14, 1965.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02898804

P. Picozza, PAMELA -A payload for antimatter matter exploration and light-nuclei astrophysics, Astroparticle physics, pp.296-315, 2007.

M. Aguilar, Antiproton Flux, Antiproton-to-Proton Flux Ratio, and Properties of Elementary Particle Fluxes in Primary Cosmic Rays Measured with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station, Physical Review Letters, vol.12, issue.9, p.91103, 2016.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-9002(94)01112-5

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-01357099

S. Perlmutter, Measurements of ?? and ?? from 42 High???Redshift Supernovae, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.517, issue.2, p.565, 1999.
DOI : 10.1086/307221

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00130951

A. Riess, Observational Evidence from Supernovae for an Accelerating Universe and a Cosmological Constant, The Astronomical Journal, vol.116, issue.3, p.1009, 1998.
DOI : 10.1086/300499

A. D. Sakharov, VIOLATION OF CP-INVARIANCE, C-ASYMMETRY, AND BARYON ASYMMETRY OF THE UNIVERSE, Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, vol.5, pp.24-27, 1967.
DOI : 10.1142/9789812815941_0013

C. S. Wu, E. Ambler, R. W. Hayward, D. D. Hoppes, and &. R. Hudson, Experimental test of parity conservation in beta decay, p.1413, 1957.

A. Schuster, Potential Matter.???A Holiday Dream, Nature, vol.58, issue.1503, p.1898, 1503.
DOI : 10.1038/058367a0

M. M. Nieto and &. T. Goldman, The arguments against ???antigravity??? and the gravitational acceleration of antimatter, Physics Reports, vol.205, issue.5, pp.205-221, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0370-1573(91)90138-C

G. Y. Drobychev, Proposal for the AEGIS experiment at the CERN antiproton decelerator (Antimatter Experiment: Gravity, 2007.

M. Bregman, Measurement of antiproton lifetime using the ice storage ring, Physics Letters B, vol.78, issue.1, pp.174-175, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/0370-2693(78)90376-3

A. M. Green and &. J. Niskanen, Low energy antiproton physics in the early LEAR era, Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, pp.93-182, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0146-6410(87)90009-3

S. Maury, The antiproton decelerator: AD, Hyperfine Interactions, vol.109, issue.1/4, pp.43-52, 1997.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1012632812327

J. Y. Hémery and &. S. Maury, The Antiproton Decelerator: Overview, Nuclear Physics A, vol.655, issue.1-2, pp.345-352, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0375-9474(99)00223-7

D. Möhl, G. Petrucci, L. Thorndahl, &. S. Van-der, and . Meer, Physics and technique of stochastic cooling, Physics Reports, vol.58, issue.2, pp.73-102, 1980.
DOI : 10.1016/0370-1573(80)90140-4

S. Van-der and . Meer, Stochastic cooling and the accumulation of antiprotons, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol.28, issue.3, p.689, 1985.
DOI : 10.1109/TNS.1981.4331574

H. Poth, Electron cooling: theory, experiment, application, Physics reports, pp.135-297, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0370-1573(90)90040-9

URL : http://cds.cern.ch/record/204690/files/cer-000116390.pdf

S. Maury, ELENA: the extra low energy anti-proton facility at CERN, Hyperfine Interactions, vol.558, issue.1-3, pp.105-115, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.nima.2005.11.041

A. Hydomako, Detection of Trapped Antihydrogen, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-34484-8

. Ch, S. Hirt, T. Claessens, M. Fecher, R. Kuhn et al., New ultrahigh-resolution picture of Earth's gravity field, Geophysical Research Letters, 2013.

S. Baessler, Improved Test of the Equivalence Principle for Gravitational Self-Energy, Physical Review Letters, vol.53, issue.18, p.3585, 1999.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevD.53.6730

P. Touboul and &. M. Rodrigues, The MICROSCOPE space mission, Classical and Quantum Gravity, vol.18, issue.13, p.2487, 2001.
DOI : 10.1088/0264-9381/18/13/311

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01669681

J. Overduin, F. Everitt, P. Worden, and &. J. Mester, STEP and fundamental physics, Classical and Quantum Gravity, vol.29, issue.18, p.184012, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/0264-9381/29/18/184012

URL : http://arxiv.org/pdf/1401.4784.pdf

C. Lear-collaboration, Tests of the equivalence principle with neutral kaons, Phys. Lett. B, vol.452, pp.425-433, 1999.

R. J. Hughes and &. H. Holzscheiter, Constraints on the gravitational properties of antiprotons and positrons from cyclotron-frequency measurements, Physical review letters, 1991.

G. Gabrielse, Precision Mass Spectroscopy of the Antiproton and Proton Using Simultaneously Trapped Particles, Physical Review Letters, vol.63, issue.16, pp.3198-3201, 1999.
DOI : 10.1063/1.340416

S. Pakvasa, W. Simmons, and &. T. Weiler, Test of equivalence principle for neutrinos and antineutrinos, Physical Review D, vol.36, issue.6, pp.1761-1763, 1989.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevD.36.2895

N. Beverini, PS200 proposal Preprint, Los Alamos National Laboratory report LAUR-86-260, 1986.

P. Scampoli and &. J. Storey, The AEgIS experiment at CERN for the measurement of antihydrogen gravity acceleration, Modern Physics Letters A, vol.108, issue.17, p.1430017, 2014.
DOI : 10.1088/1748-0221/9/04/P04002

T. Brando, Observations of low-energy antineutrons in a time-separated neutral beam, Nuclear Instruments and Methods, vol.180, issue.2-3, pp.461-467, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0029-554X(81)90086-0

H. Abele, T. Jenke, D. Stadler, and &. P. Geltenbort, QuBounce: the dynamics of ultra-cold neutrons falling in the gravity potential of the Earth, Nuclear Physics A, vol.827, issue.1-4, pp.1-4, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2009.05.131

S. D. Hogan, Rydberg positronium for tests of antimatter gravity, 2015.

M. Giammarchi, Quantum Interferometry and Gravity with Positronium, Lorentz-and CPT-violating Standard-Model Extension

G. A. Baur, Production of antihydrogen, Physics Letters B, vol.368, issue.3, pp.251-258, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0370-2693(96)00005-6

M. E. Amoretti, Production and detection of cold antihydrogen atoms, Nature, issue.6906, pp.419-456, 2002.

G. Gabrielse, Background-Free Observation of Cold Antihydrogen with Field-Ionization Analysis of Its States, Physical Review Letters, vol.548, issue.21, p.213401, 2002.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.5266

G. B. Andresen, Confinement of antihydrogen for 1000 seconds, Nature Physics, vol.7, pp.558-1104, 2011.

M. Ahmadi, Observation of the 1S???2S transition in trapped antihydrogen, Nature, vol.106, issue.7638, pp.541-506, 2017.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.025002

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01554764

P. Perez and Y. Sacquin, The GBAR experiment: gravitational behaviour of antihydrogen at rest, Classical and Quantum Gravity, pp.184008-184019

S. Aghion, Laser excitation of the n = 3 level of positronium for Antihydrogen production, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-01343897

G. Testera, The AEgIS experiment, Hyperfine Interactions, vol.5, issue.3, pp.13-20, 2015.
DOI : 10.1038/ncomms5538

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-01196759

D. Krasnicky, AEgIS experiment commissioning at CERN, AIP Conference Proceedings, pp.144-153, 2013.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4796070

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-01007693

A. Kellerbauer and &. S. Fritzsche, with a view to laser cooling of atomic anions, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol.388, issue.1, p.12023, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/1742-6596/388/1/012023

D. Comparat, Molecular cooling via Sisyphus processes, Physical Review A, vol.89, issue.4, p.43410, 2014.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3386584

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00976516

G. Gabrielse, Stacking of cold antiprotons, Physics Letters B, vol.548, issue.3-4, p.140, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0370-2693(02)02850-2

M. Charlton, Antihydrogen production in collisions of antiprotons with excited states of positronium, Physics Letters A, vol.143, issue.3, p.143, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0375-9601(90)90665-B

J. P. Merrison, Hydrogen formation by proton impact on positronium, Physical review letters, p.2728, 1997.

M. K. Oberthaler, Anti-matter wave interferometry with positronium, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in, Physics Research B, vol.192, pp.129-134, 2002.

C. Ghesquière, An inclusive view on pp ?? n? at rest, in Symposium on Antinucleon- Nucleon Interactions, CERN-1974-018 pp, pp.436-446, 1974.

L. Landau and &. E. Lifshitz, Quantum Mechanics (Non-relativistic Theory, 1977.

O. Ahlen, Rydberg Hydrogen Detector with n-state dependent Field Ionization, pp.24-34, 2013.

K. Berggren, A high sensitivity imaging detector for the study of the formation of (anti)hydrogen, 2013.

M. H. Holzscheiter, N. Bassler, N. Agazaryan, G. Beyer, E. Blackmore et al., The biological effectiveness of antiproton irradiation, Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol.81, issue.3, pp.233-242, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.radonc.2006.09.012

S. Aghion, A moir?? deflectometer for antimatter, Nature Communications, vol.506, pp.1-6, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

A. Peters, K. Y. Chung, and &. S. Chu, High-precision gravity measurements using atom interferometry , Metrologia, p.25, 2001.
DOI : 10.1088/0026-1394/38/1/4

M. K. Oberthaler, S. Bernet, E. M. Rasel, J. Schmiedmayer, and &. A. Zeilinger, Inertial sensing with classical atomic beams, Physical Review A, vol.46, issue.4, 1996.
DOI : 10.1364/OL.6.000198

P. Bräunig, Atom Optical Tools for Antimatter Experiments, 2015.

P. Bräunig, A. Demetrio, S. Müller, and M. K. Oberthaler, Limits on a gravity measurement with a non-collimated antihydrogen source, internal AEGIS note, 2015.

F. Bergermann, Characterization of the Moiré Deflectometer for the AEgIS-Experiment, 2012.

C. Patrignani, &. Particle-data, and . Group, Review of particle physics, Chinese physics C, p.100001, 2016.

P. Lansonneur, P. Bräunig, A. Demetrio, S. R. Müller, P. Nedelec et al., Probing Electric and Magnetic Fields with a Moiré Deflectometer, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, pp.49-53, 2017.

S. R. Müller, Moiré Deflectometer for Charged Particles, 2015.

R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, J. P. Toennies, J. R. Manson, T. A. Savas et al., He-atom diffraction from nanostructure transmission gratings: The role of imperfections, Physical Review A, vol.13, issue.3, pp.61-033608, 2000.
DOI : 10.1116/1.588255

W. F. Brown, Magnetic Materials, Ch 8, in the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 1958.

L. and D. Broglie, Recherches sur la th??orie des Quanta, Annales de Physique, vol.10, issue.3, 1924.
DOI : 10.1051/anphys/192510030022

I. Estermann, &. Stern, and . Beugung-von-molekularstrahlen, Beugung von Molekularstrahlen, Zeitschrift f???r Physik, vol.61, issue.1-2, pp.95-125, 1930.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01340293

H. Halban and &. P. Preiswerk, Preuve expérimentale de la diffraction des neutrons, C.R. Acad. Sci, vol.203, pp.73-75, 1936.

M. Arndt, J. Nairz, C. Vos-andreae, G. Keller, &. A. Van-der-zouw et al., Waveparticle duality of C60 molecules, Nature, issue.6754, pp.401-680, 1999.

S. Eibenberger, S. Gerlich, M. Arndt, M. Mayor, and &. J. Tüxen, Matter???wave interference of particles selected from a molecular library with masses exceeding 10???000 amu, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol.17, issue.35, pp.14696-14700, 2013.
DOI : 10.1134/S1054660X07040433

G. P. Thomson and &. A. Reid, Diffraction of Cathode Rays by a Thin Film, Nature, vol.119, issue.3007, p.890, 1927.
DOI : 10.1038/119890a0

C. J. Davisson and &. L. Germer, Reflection of Electrons by a Crystal of Nickel, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, pp.317-322, 1928.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.14.4.317

F. Hasselbach, Progress in electron- and ion-interferometry, Reports on Progress in Physics, vol.73, issue.1, p.16101, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0034-4885/73/1/016101

G. Schütz, Biprism electron interferometry with a single atom tip source, Ultramicroscopy, vol.141, pp.9-15, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ultramic.2014.02.003

B. Neyenhuis, D. Christensen, and &. S. Durfee, Testing nonclassical theories of electromagnetism with ion interferometry, Physical review letters, p.99, 2007.

H. F. Talbot, Facts relating to optical science, Philosophical Magazine Series, vol.3, issue.956, pp.401-407, 1836.
DOI : 10.1080/14786443608636441

E. Lau and . Beugungserscheinungen-an-doppelrastern, Beugungserscheinungen an Doppelrastern, Annalen der Physik, vol.437, issue.7-8, pp.417-423, 1948.
DOI : 10.1002/andp.19484370709

E. Wigner, On the Quantum Correction For Thermodynamic Equilibrium, Physical Review, vol.74, issue.5, pp.749-759, 1932.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01337791

A. Coly, Etudes expérimentales de sources d'ions RCE à 2.45 GHz pour la production de courants intenses, 2010.

R. Geller, Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Sources and ECR Plasmas, 1996.

P. Sortais, T. Lamy, J. Médard, J. Angot, L. Latrasse et al., Ultracompact/ultralow power electron cyclotron resonance ion source for multipurpose applications, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.81, issue.2, pp.2-314, 2010.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1691472

F. Paschen, Sur la différence de potentiel nécessaire à la formation d'arc électrique dans l'air, l'hydrogène et le gaz carbonique sous différentes pressions, Wied, Annales de physique, vol.37, pp.69-96, 1889.

E. Badarau and &. I. Popescu, Gaz ionisés, décharges électriques dans les gaz, 1968.

C. C. Finlay, International geomagnetic reference field: the eleventh generation, Geophysical Journal International, vol.183, issue.3, pp.1216-1230, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00527822

A. Müller, Scaling of cross sections for multiple electron transfer to highly charged ions colliding with atoms and molecules, Physics Letters A, vol.62, issue.6, pp.391-394, 1977.
DOI : 10.1016/0375-9601(77)90672-7

J. A. Ray and &. F. Barnett, Secondary Electron Emission of Metals Bombarded with 120???eV to 5???keV Protons, Journal of Applied Physics, vol.8, issue.8, 1971.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRev.140.A1407

T. Taylor, &. Jf, and . Mouris, An advanced high-current low-emittance dc microwave proton source, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol.336, issue.1-2, pp.1-5, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-9002(93)91074-W

D. Shiner, , and HD ionization potentials by accurate calibration of several iodine lines, Physical Review A, vol.39, issue.5, p.4042, 1993.
DOI : 10.1051/jphys:01978003906059100

E. Herbst, The astrochemistry of H3+, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.358, issue.1774, pp.2523-2534, 1774.
DOI : 10.1098/rsta.2000.0665

D. Spence and &. R. Lykke, Generation of high purity CW proton beams from microwave driven sources, Proceedings Particle Accelerator Conference, pp.1019-1021, 1995.
DOI : 10.1109/PAC.1995.505115

A. D. Gaus, W. T. Htwe, J. A. Brand, T. J. Gay, and &. M. Schulz, Energy spread and ion current measurements of several ion sources, Review of scientific instruments, pp.65-3739, 1994.

M. E. Rudd, R. D. Dubois, L. H. Toburen, C. A. Ratcliffe, and &. T. Goffe, Cross sections for ionization of gases by 5-4000-keV protons and for electron capture by 5-150-keV protons, Physical Review A, vol.17, issue.6, pp.28-3244, 1983.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevA.17.148

W. F. Brown, Magnetic Materials, Ch 8, in the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 1958.

J. F. Ziegler, M. D. Ziegler, and &. J. Biersack, SRIM -The stopping and range of ions in matter, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, pp.268-1818, 2010.

B. L. Peko, &. T. Stephen, H. , H. ?. , H. +. et al., Absolute detection efficiencies of low energy and H + 3 incident on a multichannel plate detector, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, pp.597-604, 2000.

M. Saito, Y. Saito, K. Asamura, and &. T. Mukai, Spatial charge cloud size of microchannel plates, Review of scientific instruments, p.23302, 2007.

T. J. Phillips, Antimatter gravity studies with interferometry, Hyperfine Interactions, vol.109, issue.1/4, pp.357-365, 1997.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1012686324139

P. Hamilton, Antimatter Interferometry for Gravity Measurements, Physical Review Letters, vol.112, issue.12, p.2014
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRev.143.1

M. K. Oberthaler, Anti-matter wave interferometry with positronium, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in, Physics Research B, vol.192, pp.129-134, 2002.

D. M. Kaplan, Measuring antimatter gravity with muonium, arXiv preprint, 2013.

C. Ghesquière, An inclusive view on pp ?? n? at rest, in Symposium on Antinucleon- Nucleon Interactions, CERN-1974-018 pp, pp.436-446, 1974.

A. Hydomako, Detection of Trapped Antihydrogen, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-34484-8

G. B. Andresen, Antiproton, positron, and electron imaging with a microchannel plate/phosphor detector, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.80, issue.12, p.123701, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/0168-9002(91)90329-O

T. Poikela, J. Plosila, T. Westerlund, M. Campbell, M. .. De-gaspari et al., Timepix3: a 65K channel hybrid pixel readout chip with simultaneous ToA/ToT and sparse readout, Journal of Instrumentation, vol.9, issue.05, p.5013, 2014.
DOI : 10.1088/1748-0221/9/05/C05013

N. Pacifico, Direct detection of antiprotons with the Timepix3 in a new electrostatic selection beamline, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 2016.

N. Asbah, Measurement of the efficiency of the pattern recognition of tracks generated by ionizing radiation in a TIMEPIX detector, Journal of Instrumentation, vol.9, issue.05, pp.5021-5025, 2014.
DOI : 10.1088/1748-0221/9/05/C05021

A. Lesauvage, Simulations avec Geant4 pour l'expérience AEgIS, 2016.

P. V. Hough, Method and means for recognizing complex patterns, 1962.

H. Holmestadt, Analysis of the 2015 data. GRACE/ATLIX internal note, 2016.

R. O. Duda and &. E. Hart, Use of the Hough transformation to detect lines and curves in pictures, Communications of the ACM, vol.15, issue.1, pp.11-15, 1972.
DOI : 10.1145/361237.361242

S. D. Pinto, R. Jones, L. Ropelewski, J. Spanggaard, and &. G. Tranquille, GEM-based beam profile monitors for the antiproton decelerator, C03001, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/1748-0221/7/03/C03001

M. H. Holzscheiter, N. Bassler, N. Agazaryan, G. Beyer, E. Blackmore et al., The biological effectiveness of antiproton irradiation, Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol.81, issue.3, pp.233-242, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.radonc.2006.09.012

W. H. Barkas, J. N. Dyer, and &. H. Heckman, Resolution of the ? ? mass anomaly, Physical Review Letters, vol.11, issue.26, 1963.

L. H. Andersen, Measurement of the Z 3 1 contribution to the stopping power using MeV protons and antiprotons: The Barkas effect, Physical review letters 62, p.1731, 1989.

S. Agostinelli, GEANT4 -a simulation toolkit, Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, pp.250-303, 2003.