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Astronomy and Astrophysics 518 (2010) 47
Multi-zone warm and cold clumpy absorbers in three Seyfert galaxies
C. Ricci, V. Beckmann1, M. Audard, T.J.-L. Courvoisier

Aims: We present the first detailed X-ray analysis of three active galactic nuclei, the Seyfert 1 galaxies UGC 3142 and ESO 140-43, and the Seyfert 2 galaxy ESO 383-18, to study the geometry and the physical characteristics of their absorbers. Methods: High-quality XMM-Newton EPIC and RGS data were analyzed as well as Swift/XRT and BAT and INTEGRAL IBIS/ISGRI data to cover the 0.3-110 keV energy range. For ESO 140-43 also XMM-Newton/OM and Swift/UVOT data were used. We studied the variability of the three AGN on a time-scale of seconds using the EPIC/PN light curves, and the long-term time-scale variability of ESO 140-43 using two observations performed six months apart by XMM-Newton. Results: The spectra of the three Seyfert galaxies present a "soft excess" at energies E < 2 keV above a power law continuum that can be modeled by complex absorption, without any additional emission component. The X-ray sources in UGC 3142 and ESO 383-18 are absorbed by two layers of neutral material, with covering fractions f1 ≃ 0.92 and f2 ≃ 0.57 for UGC 3142, and f1 ≃ 0.97 and f2 ≃ 0.86 for ESO 383-18. While the clumpy absorber could be part of a disk wind or of the broad line region for UGC 3142, for ESO 383-18 a clumpy torus plus Compton thin dust lanes are more likely. The spectra of ESO 140-43 can be well fitted with a power law absorbed by three clumpy ionized absorbers with different covering factors, column densities, and ionization parameters, likely part of a moving clumpy system, which could be a disk wind or the broad line region. The strong spectral and flux variability on a time-scale of six months seen in ESO 140-43 is likely due to changes in the moving absorbers. We were able to detect the variation of the covering factor of one of the three ionized absorbers on a kilo-seconds time-scale in the EPIC light-curve of ESO 140-43.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
Physique/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie