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Astrophysical Journal Letters 729 (2011) 16
Discovery of an Energetic 38.5 ms Pulsar Powering the Gamma-ray Source IGR J18490-0000/HESS J1849-000
E. V. Gotthelf, J. P. Halpern, R. Terrier1, F. Mattana1

We report the discovery of a 38.5 ms X-ray pulsar in observations of the soft gamma-ray source IGR J18490-0000 with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE). PSR J1849-0001 is spinning down rapidly with period derivative 1.42E-14 s/s, yielding a spin-down luminosity 9.8E36 erg/s, characteristic age 42.9 kyr, and surface dipole magnetic field strength 7.5E11 G. Within the INTEGRAL/IBIS error circle lies a point-like XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray source that shows evidence of faint extended emission consistent with a pulsar wind nebula (PWN). The XMM-Newton spectrum of the point source is well fitted by an absorbed power-law model with photon index Gamma(PSR) = 1.1 +/- 0.2, N_H = (4.3+/-0.6)E22 cm^-2, and F(PSR;2-10keV) = (3.8+/-0.3)E-12 erg/s/cm^2, while the spectral parameters of the extended emission are Gamma(PWN) = 2.1 and F(PWN;2-10 keV) = 9E-13 erg/s/cm^2. IGR J18490-0000 is also coincident with the compact TeV source HESS J1849-000. For an assumed distance of 7 kpc in the Scutum arm tangent region, the 0.35-10 TeV luminosity of HESS J1849-000 is 0.13% of the pulsar's spin down energy, while the ratio F(0.35-10 TeV)/F(PWN; 2-10 keV) of approx. 2. These properties are consistent with leptonic models of TeV emission from PWNe, with PSR J1849-0001 in a stage of transition from a synchrotron X-ray source to an inverse Compton gamma-ray source.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
Physique/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie
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