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Astronomy and Astrophysics 513 (2010) A42
GRB 090313: X-shooter's first shot at a GRB
A. De Ugarte Postigo, P. Goldoni1, 2, C.C. Thöne, S.D. Vergani1, V. D'Elia, S. Piranomonte, D. Malesani, S. Covino, H. Flores3, J.P.U. Fynbo, J. Hjorth, R.A.M.J. Wijers, S. D'Odorico, F. Hammer3, L. Kaper, P. Kjærgaard, S. Randich, M. I. Andersen, L. A. Antonelli, L. Christensen, P. D'Avanzo, F. Fiore, P.J. Groot, E. Maiorano, E. Palazzi, E. Pian, G. Tagliaferri, M.E. Van Den Ancker, J. Vernet

Context. X-shooter is the first second-generation instrument to become operative at the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT). It is a broad-band medium-resolution spectrograph designed with gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow spectroscopy as one of its main science drivers. Aims. During the first commissioning night on sky with the instrument fully assembled, X-shooter observed the afterglow of GRB 090313 as a demonstration of the instrument's capabilities. Methods. GRB 090313 was observed almost two days after the burst onset, when the object had already faded to R~21.6. Furthermore, the 90% illuminated Moon was just 30 degrees away from the field. In spite of the adverse conditions, we obtained a spectrum that, for the first time in GRB research, covers simultaneously the range from 5700 to 23000 Angstroms. Results. The spectrum shows multiple absorption features at a redshift of 3.3736, the redshift of the GRB. These features are composed of 3 components with different ionisation levels and velocities. Some of the features have never been observed before in a GRB at such a high redshift. Furthermore, we detect two intervening systems at redshifts of 1.8005 and 1.9597. Conclusions. These results demonstrate the potential of X-shooter in the GRB field, as it was capable of observing a GRB down to a magnitude limit that would include 72% of long GRB afterglows 2 hours after the burst onset. Coupled with the rapid response mode available at VLT, allowing reaction times of just a few minutes, X-shooter constitutes an important leap forward on medium resolution spectroscopic studies of GRBs, their host galaxies and intervening systems, probing the early history of the Universe.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
2 :  SAp - Service d'Astrophysique
3 :  GEPI - Galaxies, Etoiles, Physique, Instrumentation
Physique/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie

Physique/Astrophysique/Instrumentation et méthodes pour l'astrophysique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Instrumentation et méthodes pour l'astrophysique
gamma-ray burst – general – instrumentation – spectrographs
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