159 articles – 1999 Notices  [english version]
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The coming of age of X-ray polarimetry, Rome : Italie (2009)
INTEGRAL/IBIS observations of the Crab nebula and GRB 041219A polarization
P. Laurent1, 2, M. Forot2, 3, D. Gotz2, 3, F. Lebrun1, 2
INTEGRAL Collaboration(s)

Neutron stars generate powerful winds of relativistic particles that form bright synchrotron nebulae around them. Polarimetry provides a unique insight into the geometry and magnetic configuration of the wind, but high-energy measurements have failed until recently. The INTEGRAL-IBIS telescope has been used in its Compton mode to search for linearly polarized emission for energies above 200 keV from the Crab nebula. The asymmetries in the instrument response are small and we obtain evidence for a strongly polarized signal at an angle parallel to the pulsar rotation axis. This result confirms the detection recently reported by, and extends the polarization measure for all the pulsar's phases. We also report the recent observation of a variable polarization signal from the long GRB 041219A. The achieved sensitivity opens a new window for polarimetric studies at energies above 200 keV.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
2 :  IRFU - Institut de Recherches sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers (ex DAPNIA)
3 :  AIM - UMR 7158 - Astrophysique Interactions Multi-échelles
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie

Physique/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie