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Physical Review Letters 107 (2011) 121301
Constraints on the Fundamental String Coupling from B-Mode Experiments
A. Avgoustidis, E. J. Copeland, A. Moss, L. Pogosian, A. Pourtsidou, D.A. Steer1

We study signatures of cosmic superstring networks containing strings of multiple tensions and Y junctions, on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and polarization spectra. Focusing on the crucial role of the string coupling constant gs, we show that the number density and energy density of the scaling network are dominated by different types of string in the gs˜1 and gs≪1 limits. This can lead to an observable shift in the position of the B-mode peak--a distinct signal leading to a direct constraint on gs. We forecast the joint bounds on gs and the fundamental string tension μF from upcoming and future CMB polarization experiments, as well as the signal to noise in detecting the difference between B-mode signals in the limiting cases of large and small gs. We show that such a detectable shift is within reach of planned experiments.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
Physique/Relativité Générale et Cosmologie Quantique

Physique/Physique des Hautes Energies - Théorie
Particle-theory and field-theory models of the early Universe – String and brane phenomenology – Background radiations – Observational cosmology
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