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Physical Review D 84 (2011) 64039
From k-essence to generalized Galileons
C. Deffayet1, 2, X. Gao1, D.A. Steer1, G. Zahariade1

We determine the most general scalar field theories which have an action that depends on derivatives of order two or less, and have equations of motion that stay second order and lower on flat space-time. We show that those theories can all be obtained from linear combinations of Lagrangians made by multiplying a particular form of the Galileon Lagrangian by an arbitrary scalar function of the scalar field and its first derivatives. We also obtain curved space-time extensions of those theories which have second-order field equations for both the metric and the scalar field. This provides the most general extension, under the condition that field equations stay second order, of k-essence, Galileons, k-Mouflage as well as of the kinetically braided scalars. It also gives the most general action for a possible scalar classicalizer with second-order field equations. We discuss the relation between our construction and the Euler hierarchies of Fairlie et al. showing, in particular, that Euler hierarchies allow one to obtain the most general theory when the latter is shift symmetric. As a simple application of our formalism, we give the covariantized version of the conformal Galileon.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
2 :  IAP - Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
Physique/Relativité Générale et Cosmologie Quantique

Physique/Physique des Hautes Energies - Théorie
Higher-dimensional gravity and other theories of gravity – Geometry – differential geometry – and topology – Field theory – Cosmology
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