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19th European Cosmic Ray Symposium (ECRS 2004), Florence : Italie
The focal surface of the EUSO telescope
Yoshiya Kawasaki, M. Bertaina, T. Ebisuzaki, F. Kajino, Y. Miyazaki, M. Nagano, N. Sakaki, M. Sato, H. M. Shimizu, Y. Takizawa, M. Ameri, O. Catalano, S. Cuneo, F. Fontanelli, V. Gracco, P. Musico, M. Pallavicini, A. Petrolini, F. Pratolongo, M. Sannino, N. Bleurvacq1, F. Cadoux, C. Chapron1, P. Gorodetzky1, P. Nedelec, T. Patzak1, E. Plagnol1, Y. Takahashi
EUSO Collaboration(s)

The Extreme Universe Space Observatory (EUSO) is a space mission to study extremely high-energy cosmic rays. The EUSO instrument is a wide-angle refractive telescope in near-ultraviolet wavelength region to observe time-resolved atmospheric fluorescence images of the extensive air showers from the International Space Station. The Focal surface is an aspherical curved surface, and its area amounts to about 4.5 m2. The focal surface detector is designed as a mosaic of multianode photomultipliers (MAPMT) for the single photoelectron counting capability. The strongest requirement for the focal surface detector is the maximization of the photon detection efficiency together with the uniformity over the focal surface. We have developed a new type of MAPMT. It is modified from the ordinary one and has a grid between the photocathode and the first dynode to electrostatically demagnify the photoelectron image on the dynode. We are also developing the HV supply system for a great number of MAPMTs. EUSO experiments the day-time and night-time every 90 minutes. The heat flow must be considered to stabilize the PMT characteristics, in parallel with the heat dissipation of the electronics attached on the focal surface supporting structure.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique

Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
EUSO – Focal Surface – MAPMT