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Journal of Mathematical Physics 50 (2009) 052503
Three dimensional quantum geometry and deformed symmetry
E. Joung1, J. Mourad1, K. Noui2

We study a three dimensional non-commutative space emerging in the context of three dimensional Euclidean quantum gravity. Our starting point is the assumption that the isometry group is deformed to the Drinfeld double D(SU(2)). We generalize to the deformed case the construction of the flat Euclidean space as the quotient of its isometry group ISU(2) by SU(2). We show that the algebra of functions becomes the non-commutative algebra of SU(2) distributions endowed with the convolution product. This construction gives the action of ISU(2) on the algebra and allows the determination of plane waves and coordinate functions. In particular, we show that: (i) plane waves have bounded momenta; (ii) to a given momentum are associated several SU(2) elements leading to an effective description of an element in the algebra in terms of several physical scalar fields; (iii) their product leads to a deformed addition rule of momenta consistent with the bound on the spectrum. We generalize to the non-commutative setting the local action for a scalar field. Finally, we obtain, using harmonic analysis, another useful description of the algebra as the direct sum of the algebra of matrices. The algebra of matrices inherits the action of ISU(2): rotations leave the order of the matrices invariant whereas translations change the order in a way we explicitly determine.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
2 :  LMPT - Laboratoire de Mathématiques et Physique Théorique
Physique/Physique des Hautes Energies - Théorie

Physique/Relativité Générale et Cosmologie Quantique
geometry – matrix algebra – noncommutative field theory – quantum gravity – SU(2) theory – symmetry
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