159 articles – 2004 Notices  [english version]
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32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2011), Beijing : Chine (2011)
Precise Fluorescence Yield Measurement Using an MeV Electron Beam for JEM-EUSO Collaboration
D. Monnier Ragaigne1, S. Dagoret Campagne1, P. Gorodetzky2, J. Baret1, M. Urban1, C. Blaksley2, F. Wicek1, T. Patzak2, S. Biktemerova

A new type of absolute measurement of the nitrogen fluorescence yield in the air will be performed at LAL using 3 items which will yield an unprecedented precision in all conditions of pressure, temperature, and pollutants. A 5 MeV electron beam will be provided by the new electron accelerator PHIL at LAL. As the fluorescence yield is proportional to the energy loss of the electrons, the contribution of secondary electrons (deltas) to the signal is much more important than the contribution of the primary electrons. It has therefore been chosen to use an integrating sphere, the basic property of which being that the probability to detect light is independent from where the light is produced inside the sphere. An output device on this sphere will be equipped with a set of optical fibers driving the fluorescence light to a Jobin-Yvon spectrometer equipped with an LN2 cooled CCD. The fluorescence spectrum in the 300-430 nm range will be accurately measured in steps of 0.1 nm resolution. A PMT equipped with a BG3 filter (the same as on JEM-EUSO) will be set on the sphere to measure the integrated yield. The sphere will be monitored by a NIST photo-diode, and will be surrounded by a spherical envelope to create a temperature controlled chamber (a Dewar). With this setup it will be possible to vary the temperature from 60◦ C to +40◦ C and the pressure from 1 to 0.01 atm. The expected precision of the yield should be better than 5%.
1 :  LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
2 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
APC - Neutrinos
Physique/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Phénomènes cosmiques de haute energie
Ultra high-energy cosmic rays – air fluorescence technique – JEM-EUSO collaboration