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Experimental Astronomy 30 (2011) 23-37
Digital complex correlator for a C-band polarimetry survey
Miguel Bergano, Francisco Fernandes, Luís Cupido, Domingos Barbosa, Rui Fonseca, Ivan Ferreira, Bruce Grossan, G.F. Smoot1

The international Galactic Emission Mapping project aims to map and characterize the polarization field of the Milky Way. In Portugal it will map the sky polarized emission of the Northern Hemisphere in C-band and provide templates for map calibration and foreground control of microwave space data to be provided by ESA Planck Surveyor mission and later missions. The receiver system is equipped with a novel receiver with a full digital back-end using a low-cost Field Programmable Gate Array without compromising its performance relation. This new digital backend comprises a base-band complex cross-correlator outputting the four Stokes parameters of the incoming polarized radiation. In this document we describe the design and implementation of the complex correlator using the FPGA and the dedicated digitizers at each receiver arm, detailing the method applied at the several algorithm stages. This correlator is suitable for large sky area polarization continuum surveys.
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
APC - Cosmologie et Gravitation
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
Instrumentation: polarimeters – Digital correlators – Radio astronomy – Microwave background
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