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26th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Trieste : Italie (2005)
Off-Axis Orbits in Realistic Helical Wigglers: Fixed Points and Time Averaged Dynamical Variables
J.T. Donohue1, J.L. Rullier2
(2005)

Many years ago Fajans, Kirkpatrick and Bekefi (FKB) studied off-axis orbits in a realistic helical wiggler, both experimentally and theoretically. They found that as the distance from the axis of symmetry to the guiding center increased, both the mean axial velocity and the precession frequency of the guiding center varied. They proposed a clever semi-empirical model which yielded an excellent description of both these variations. We point out that a approximate model proposed by us several years ago can be made to predict these delicate effects correctly, provided we extend our truncated quadratic Hamiltonian to include appropriate cubic and quartic terms. We develop an argument similar to the virial theorem to compare time averaged and fixed-point values of dynamical variables. Illustrative comparisons of our model with numerical calculation are presented.
1 :  CENBG - Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan
2 :  CESTA - Centre d'études scientifiques et techniques d'Aquitaine
Physique/Physique/Physique des accélérateurs
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