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Astroparticle Physics 28 (2007) 169-181
Rigidity-dependent cosmic ray energy spectra in the knee region obtained with the GAMMA experiment
A. P. Garyaka, R. M. Martirosov, S. V. Ter-Antonyan, N. Nikolskaya, Y.A. Gallant1, L. Jones, J. Procureur2

On the basis of the extensive air shower (EAS) data obtained by the GAMMA experiment, the energy spectra and elemental composition of the primary cosmic rays are derived in the 1-100 PeV energy range. The reconstruction of the primary energy spectra is carried out using an EAS inverse approach in the framework of the SIBYLL2.1 and QGSJET01 interaction models and the hypothesis of power-law primary energy spectra with rigidity-dependent knees. The energy spectra of primary H, He, O-like and Fe-like nuclei obtained with the SIBYLL interaction model agree with corresponding extrapolations of the balloon and satellite data to ~1 PeV energies. The energy spectra obtained from the QGSJET model show a predominantly proton composition in the knee region. The rigidity-dependent knee feature of the primary energy spectra for each interaction model is displayed at the following rigidities: ~2.5+/-0.2 PV (SIBYLL) and ~3.1-4.2 PV (QGSJET). All the results presented are derived taking into account the detector response, the reconstruction uncertainties of the EAS parameters, and fluctuations in the EAS development.
1 :  LPTA - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Astroparticules
2 :  CENBG - Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique
Cosmic rays – energy spectra – composition – extensive air showers
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