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Astrophysical Journal 630 (2005) L105-L108
The $^7Be(d,p)2\alpha$ cross section at Big Bang energies and the primordial $^7$Li abundance
C. Angulo, E. Casarejos, M. Couder, P. Demaret, P. Leleux, F. Vanderbist, A. Coc1, J. Kiener1, V. Tatischeff1, T. Davinson, A. S. Murphy, N.L. Achouri2, N.A. Orr2, D. Cortina-Gil, P. Figuera, B. R. Fulton, I. Mukha, E. Vangioni

The WMAP satellite, devoted to the observations of the anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation, has recently provided a determination of the baryonic density of the Universe with unprecedented precision. Using this, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) calculations predict a primordial $^7$Li abundance which is a factor 2-3 higher than that observed in galactic halo dwarf stars. It has been argued that this discrepancy could be resolved if the $^7Be(d,p)2\alpha$ reaction rate is around a factor of 100 larger than has previously been considered. We have now studied this reaction, for the first time at energies appropriate to the Big Bang environment, at the CYCLONE radioactive beam facility at Louvain-la-Neuve. The cross section was found to be a factor of 10 smaller than derived from earlier measurements. It is concluded therefore that nuclear uncertainties cannot explain the discrepancy between observed and predicted primordial $^7$Li abundances, and an alternative astrophysical solution must be investigated.
1 :  CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse
2 :  LPCC - Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen
Structure nucléaire
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique
cosmological parameters – early universe – nuclear reactions – nucleosynthesis – abundances – stars: Population II
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