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Earth and Planetary Science Letters 284 (2009) 329-342
Wet to dry climatic trend in north-western Iberia within Heinrich events
F. Naughton1, M. F. Sánchez Goñi1, M. Kageyama2, E. Bard3, J. Duprat4, E. Cortijo2, S. Desprat5, B. Malaizé1, C. Joly1, F. Rostek3, J.-L. Turon1

The direct sea-land correlation applied to core MD99-2331 retrieved from the north-western Iberian margin shows a two-phase pattern within Heinrich events 4, 2 and 1 in the ocean and in the adjacent landmasses. Changes between wet/cold and dry/cool conditions in the Iberian Peninsula detected during these extreme events cannot be explained by a simple oceanographic mechanism related to changes in the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Here we propose an additional atmospheric mechanism able to produce this scenario based on the comparison between the MD99-2331 record and other available palaeoclimate sequences from the North Atlantic region (18-75°N and 0-75°W). The climatic asymmetry observed between mid- and subtropical eastern North Atlantic latitudes (wet/dry) and the Blake Outer Ridge (dry/wet) during H4, H2 and H1 can be explained by changes in the position of the Atlantic jet-stream. During the first phase of H4, H2 and H1 the Atlantic jet-stream was located further south following the southward displacement of the oceanic thermal front as far south as 35°-37°N. On the contrary, during the second phase of H4, H2 and H1 the jet-stream was located further north following the northward displacement of this thermal front as far north as 42°N. From the atmospheric point of view, these two phases are reminiscent of the present-day negative and positive prevailing modes of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), respectively, but high-resolution studies of additional North Atlantic key sites and climate simulations are needed to confirm the hypothesis of a NAO-like mechanism operating on millennial timescales.
1 :  EPOC - Environnements et Paléoenvironnements OCéaniques
2 :  LSCE - UMR 8212 - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette]
3 :  CEREGE - Centre européen de recherche et d'enseignement de géosciences de l'environnement
4 :  CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse
5 :  WHOI - Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Physique/Astrophysique/Planétologie et astrophysique de la terre

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Planétologie et astrophysique de la terre