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Journal of High Energy Physics 12 (2012) 034
Observation of Z decays to four leptons with the CMS detector at the LHC
S. Chatrchyan, M. Besançon1, S. Choudhury1, M. Dejardin1, D. Denegri1, B. Fabbro1, J.L. Faure1, F. Ferri1, S. Ganjour1, A. Givernaud1, P. Gras1, G. Hamel de Monchenault1, P. Jarry1, E. Locci1, J. Malcles1, L. Millischer1, A. Nayak1, J. Rander1, A. Rosowsky1, I. Shreyber1, M. Titov1, S. Baffioni2, F. Beaudette2, L. Benhabib2, L. Bianchini2, M. Bluj2, C. Broutin2, Pierre Busson2, C. Charlot2, N. Daci2, T. Dahms2, L. Dobrzynski2, R. Granier de Cassagnac2, M. Haguenauer2, P. Mine2, C. Mironov2, M. Nguyen2, C. Ochando2, P. Paganini2, D. Sabes2, R. Salerno2, Y. Sirois2, C. Veelken2, A. Zabi2, J.-L. Agram3, J. Andrea3, D. Bloch3, D. Bodin3, J.-M. Brom3, M. Cardaci3, E.C. Chabert3, C. Collard3, E. Conte3, F. Drouhin3, C. Ferro3, J.-C. Fontaine3, D. Gele3, U. Goerlach3, P. Juillot3, A.-C. Le Bihan3, P. Van Hove3, F. Fassi4, D. Mercier4, S. Beauceron5, N. Beaupere5, O. Bondu5, G. Boudoul5, J. Chasserat5, R. Chierici5, D. Contardo5, P. Depasse5, H. El Mamouni5, J. Fay5, S. Gascon5, M. Gouzevitch5, B. Ille5, T. Kurca5, M. Lethuillier5, L. Mirabito5, S. Perries5, V. Sordini5, S. Tosi5, Y. Tschudi5, P. Verdier5, S. Viret5
For the CMS collaboration(s)

The first observation of the Z boson decaying to four leptons in proton-proton collisions is presented. The analyzed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.02 inverse femtobarns at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV collected by the CMS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. A pronounced resonance peak, with a statistical significance of 9.7 sigma, is observed in the distribution of the invariant mass of four leptons (electrons and/or muons) with mass and width consistent with expectations for Z boson decays. The branching fraction and cross section reported here are defined by phase space restrictions on the leptons, namely, 80 < m[4l] < 100 GeV, where m[4l] is the invariant mass of the four leptons, and m[ll] > 4 GeV for all pairs of leptons, where m[ll] is the two-lepton invariant mass. The measured branching fraction is B(Z to 4l) = (4.2/+0.9/-0.8 (stat.) +/- 0.2 (syst.)) 10E-6 and agrees with the standard model prediction of 4.45 10E-6. The measured cross section times branching fraction is sigma(pp to Z) B(Z to 4 l) = 112+23/-20 (stat.) +7/-5 (syst.) +3/-2 (lumi.) fb, also consistent with the standard model prediction of 120 fb. The four-lepton mass peak arising from Z to 4 l decays provides a calibration channel for the Higgs boson search in the H to ZZ to 4 l decay mode.
1:  IRFU - Institut de Recherches sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers (ex DAPNIA)
2:  LLR - Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet
3:  DRS-IPHC - Département Recherches Subatomiques
4:  CC IN2P3 - Centre de Calcul de l'inst. national de phy. nucléaire et de phy. des particules
5:  IPNL - Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
Physics/High Energy Physics - Experiment
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