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Biochimie 88, 6 (2006) 595-606
Identification of genes and proteins involved in the pleiotropic response to arsenic stress in Caenibacter arsenoxydans, a metalloresistant beta-proteobacterium with an unsequenced genome.
Christine Carapito1, 2, 3, Daniel Muller4, 5, 6, Evelyne Turlin7, Sandrine Koechler8, Antoine Danchin7, 9, Alain Van Dorsselaer3, 10, 11, Emmanuelle Leize-Wagner3, 12, Philippe N Bertin8, Marie-Claire Lett8

The effect of high concentrations of arsenic has been investigated in Caenibacter arsenoxydans, a beta-proteobacterium isolated from an arsenic contaminated environment and able to oxidize arsenite to arsenate. As the genome of this bacterium has not yet been sequenced, the use of a specific proteomic approach based on nano-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS) studies and de novo sequencing to perform cross-species protein identifications was necessary. In addition, a random mutational analysis was performed. Twenty-two proteins and 16 genes were shown to be differentially accumulated and expressed, respectively, in cells grown in the presence of arsenite. Two genes involved in arsenite oxidation and one in arsenite efflux as well as two proteins responsible for arsenate reduction were identified. Moreover, numerous genes and proteins belonging to various functional classes including information and regulation pathways, intermediary metabolism, cell envelope and cellular processes were also up- or down-regulated, which demonstrates that bacterial response to arsenic is pleiotropic.
1 :  Laboratoire de Spectrométrie de masse Bio-organique
2 :  Laboratoire de Spectrométrie de masse Bio-organique
3 :  IPHC - Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien
4 :  EM - Ecologie microbienne
5 :  Laboratoire de Biologie Tumorale
6 :  XLIM - XLIM
7 :  Génétique des Génomes Bactériens
8 :  GMGM - Génétique moléculaire, génomique, microbiologie
9 :  REG - Régulation de l'Expression Génétique
10 :  DSA-IPHC - Sciences Analytiques et Interactions Ioniques et Biomoléculaires
11 :  CDC - Compartimentation et dynamique cellulaires
12 :  Substances naturelles/chimie moléculaire
Sciences du Vivant/Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire