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Physical Review Letters 109 (2012) 012501
Shell-Structure and Pairing Interaction in Superheavy Nuclei: Rotational Properties of the Z=104 Nucleus (256)Rf
P. T. Greenlees, J. Rubert1, J. Piot1, B. J. P. Gall1, L. L. Andersson, M. Asai, Z. Asfari1, D. M. Cox, F. Dechery2, O. Dorvaux1, T. Grahn, K. Hauschild3, G. Henning3, A. Herzan, R.-D. Herzberg, F. P. Heßberger, U. Jakobsson, P. Jones, R. Julin, S. Juutinen, S. Ketelhut, T.-L. Khoo, M. Leino, J. Ljungvall3, A. Lopez-Martens3, R. Lozeva1, P. Nieminen, J. Pakarinen, P. Papadakis, E. Parr, P. Peura, P. Rahkila, S. Rinta-Antila, P. Ruotsalainen, M. Sandzelius, J. Saren, C. Scholey, D. Seweryniak, J. Sorri, B. Sulignano2, Ch. Theisen2, J. Uusitalo, M. Venhart

The rotational band structure of the Z = 104 nucleus (256)Rf has been observed up to a tentative spin of 20h using state-of-the-art gamma-ray spectroscopic techniques. This represents the first such measurement in a superheavy nucleus whose stability is entirely derived from the shell-correction energy. The observed rotational properties are compared to those of neighboring nuclei and it is shown that the kinematic and dynamic moments of inertia are sensitive to the underlying single-particle shell structure and the specific location of high-j orbitals. The moments of inertia therefore provide a sensitive test of shell structure and pairing in superheavy nuclei which is essential to ensure the validity of contemporary nuclear models in this mass region. The data obtained show that there is no deformed shell gap at Z = 104, which is predicted in a number of current self-consistent mean-field models.
1 :  IPHC - Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien
2 :  IRFU - Institut de Recherches sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers (ex DAPNIA)
3 :  CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse
Physique/Physique Nucléaire Expérimentale