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Physical Review C 70 (2004) 028801
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Nuclear liquid-gas phase transition and supernovae evolution
Jerome Margueron1, Jesus Navarro2, Patrick Blottiau3
(2004)

It is shown that the large density fluctuations appearing at the onset of the first order nuclear liquid-gas phase transition can play an important role in thesupernovae evolution. Due to these fluctuations, the neutrino gas may betrapped inside a thin layer of matter near the proto-neutron star surface. The resulting increase of pressure may induce strong particle ejection a few hundred milliseconds after the bounce of the collapse, contributing to the revival of the shock wave. The Hartree-Fock+RPA scheme, with a finite-range nucleon-nucleon effective interaction, is employed to estimate the effects of the neutrino trapping due to the strong density fluctuations, and to discuss qualitatively the consequences of the suggested new scenario.
1 :  GANIL - Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds
2 :  IFIC - Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular
3 :  DPTA - Département de Physique Théorique et Appliquée
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Physique/Physique Nucléaire Théorique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique
neutrinos – supernovae – phase transition – nuclear matter
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