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Physical Review D 78 (2008) 014509
Light baryon masses with dynamical twisted mass fermions
C. Alexandrou, R. Baron1, B. Blossier, M. Brinet2, J. Carbonell2, P. Dimopoulos, V. Drach2, F. Farchioni, R. Frezzotti, P. Guichon1, G. Herdoiza, K. Jansen, T. Korzec, G. Koutsou, Z. Liu3, C. Michael, O. Pène3, A. Shindler, C. Urbach, U. Wenger

We present results on the mass of the nucleon and the Delta using two dynamical degenerate twisted mass quarks. The evaluation is performed at four quark masses corresponding to a pion mass in the range of about 300-600 MeV on lattices of 2.1-2.7 fm. We check for cut-off effects by evaluating these baryon masses on lattices of spatial size 2.1 fm at beta=3.9 and beta=4.05 and on a lattice of 2.4 fm at beta=3.8. The values we find are compatible within our statistical errors. Lattice results are extrapolated to the physical limit using continuum chiral perturbation theory. Performing a combined fit to our lattice data at beta=3.9 and beta=4.05 we find a nucleon mass of 964\pm 28 (stat.) \pm 8 (syst.) MeV. The nucleon mass at the physical point provides an independent determination of the lattice spacing. Using heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory at O(p^3) we find a_{\beta=3.9}=0.0890\pm 0.0039(stat.) \pm 0.0014(syst.) fm, and a_{\beta=4.05}= 0.0691\pm 0.0034(stat.) \pm 0.0010(syst.) fm, in good agreement with the values determined from the pion decay constant. Isospin violating lattice artifacts in the Delta-system are found to be compatible with zero for the values of the lattice spacings used in this work. Performing a combined fit to our lattice data at beta=3.9 and beta=4.05 we find for the masses of the Delta^{++,-} and Delta^{+,0} 1316 \pm 60 (stat.) MeV and 1330 \pm 74 (stat.) MeV respectively. We confirm that in the continuum limit they are also degenerate.
1 :  IRFU - Institut de Recherches sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers (ex DAPNIA)
2 :  LPSC - Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie
3 :  LPT - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique d'Orsay
Physique/Physique des Hautes Energies - Réseau
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