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Advanced Science Letters 2, 2 (2009) 164-173
Why do cosmological perturbations look classical to us?
Claus Kiefer, David Polarski1

According to the inflationary scenario of cosmology, all structure in the Universe can be traced back to primordial fluctuations during an accelerated (inflationary) phase of the very early Universe. A conceptual problem arises due to the fact that the primordial fluctuations are quantum, while the standard scenario of structure formation deals with classical fluctuations. In this essay we present a concise summary of the physics describing the quantum-to-classical transition. We first discuss the observational indistinguishability between classical and quantum correlation functions in the closed system approach (pragmatic view). We then present the open system approach with environment-induced decoherence. We finally discuss the question of the fluctuations' entropy for which, in principle, the concrete mechanism leading to decoherence possesses observational relevance.
1 :  LPTA - Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Astroparticules
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Physique/Relativité Générale et Cosmologie Quantique

Physique/Physique Quantique
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