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Journal of Cell Science 122, Pt 17 (2009) 3180-9
RFX3 governs growth and beating efficiency of motile cilia in mouse and controls the expression of genes involved in human ciliopathies.
Loubna El Zein1, Aouatef Ait-Lounis, Laurette Morlé1, Joëlle Thomas1, 2, Brigitte Chhin, Nathalie Spassky3, Walter Reith4, Bénédicte Durand1, 5

Cilia are cellular organelles that play essential physiological and developmental functions in various organisms. They can be classified into two categories, primary cilia and motile cilia, on the basis of their axonemal architecture. Regulatory factor X (RFX) transcription factors have been shown to be involved in the assembly of primary cilia in Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila and mice. Here, we have taken advantage of a novel primary-cell culture system derived from mouse brain to show that RFX3 is also necessary for biogenesis of motile cilia. We found that the growth and beating efficiencies of motile cilia are impaired in multiciliated Rfx3(-/-) cells. RFX3 was required for optimal expression of the FOXJ1 transcription factor, a key player in the differentiation program of motile cilia. Furthermore, we demonstrate for the first time that RFX3 regulates the expression of axonemal dyneins involved in ciliary motility by binding directly to the promoters of their genes. In conclusion, RFX proteins not only regulate genes involved in ciliary assembly, but also genes that are involved in ciliary motility and that are associated with ciliopathies such as primary ciliary dyskinesia in humans.
1 :  CGMC - Centre de génétique moléculaire et cellulaire
2 :  GANIL - Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds
3 :  Biologie des Interactions Neurones / Glie
4 :  University of Geneva Medical School
5 :  LIF - Laboratoire d'informatique Fondamentale de Marseille
Sciences du Vivant/Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire/Biologie moléculaire