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Harmonic space and quaternionic manifolds
Galperin A., Ivanov E., Ogievetsky O.
Physique/Physique des Hautes Energies - Théorie
Harmonic space and quaternionic manifolds
A. Galperin, E. Ivanov1, O. Ogievetsky2
1 :  IPNO - Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay
CNRS : UMR8608 – IN2P3 – Université Paris XI - Paris Sud
IPN - 15, rue Georges Clemenceau - 91406 ORSAY CEDEX
2 :  FRUMAM - Fédération de Recherche des Unités de MAthématiques de Marseille
CNRS : FR2291 – Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I – Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II – Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III – Université de Toulon : EA2134
CNRS Luminy case 907 13288 Marseille cedex 9
We find a principle of harmonic analyticity underlying the quaternionic (quaternion-Kähler) geometry and solve the differential constraints which define this geometry. To this end the original $4n$-dimensional quaternionic manifold is extended to a bi-harmonic space. The latter includes additional harmonic coordinates associated with both the tangent local $Sp(1)$ group and an extra rigid $SU(2)$ group rotating the complex structures. Then the constraints can be rewritten as integrability conditions for the existence of an analytic subspace in the bi-harmonic space and solved in terms of two unconstrained potentials on the analytic subspace. Geometrically, the potentials have the meaning of vielbeins associated with the harmonic coordinates. We also establish a one-to-one correspondence between the quaternionic spaces and off-shell $N=2$ supersymmetric sigma-models coupled to $N=2$ supergravity. The general $N=2$ sigma-model Lagrangian when written in the harmonic superspace is composed of the quaternionic potentials. Coordinates of the analytic subspace are identified with superfields describing $N=2$ matter hypermultiplets and a compensating hypermultiplet of $N=2$ supergravity. As an illustration we present the potentials for the symmetric quaternionic spaces.

44 pages, LATEX, JHU-TIPAC-920023, ENSLAPP-L-405-92, MPI-Ph/92-85

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