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GREAT-ESF Workshop: Stellar Atmospheres in the Gaia Era, France (2011)
Cool star model atmospheres for Gaia : ATLAS, MARCS, and PHOENIX
Bertrand PLEZ1

I present the widely used model atmosphere codes ATLAS, MARCS, and PHOENIX, and I compare their output model structures and spectra for cool stars of FGKM-types. While model atmosphere stratifications agree closely with each other in the f-D approximation, this is not the case for spectra. Differences between model spectra from different codes are largest in the blue-UV, but smaller differences appear in all regions, especially in the molecular features of cooler model spectra. I recommend the groups to try to solve these discrepancies together. In the meantime, users must be careful when using these spectra in regimes where they differ. I discuss here only comparisons of spectra at solar metallicity, and this should be extended to other metallicities. Detailed comparisons with carefully calibrated spectrophotometric data, and high resolution spectra for stars with well known parameters are also of prime importance. It appears that we still need better line positions for molecules. Finally we should remember that f-D models are only a step towards a better representation of reality, and we should keep developing, and carefully test 3-D, NLTE models.
1 :  LUPM - Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier
Astrophysique Stellaire
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Astrophysique stellaire et solaire

Physique/Astrophysique/Astrophysique stellaire et solaire
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B.Plez.pdf(435.3 KB)