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Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 249 (2006) 710-714
Comparative study between reconstructed and native human epidermis using nuclear microscopy
M.D. Ynsa1, E. Gontier1, A. Mavon2, P. Moretto1, M. Rosdy3

The physiological status of native skin is suffering from large inter-individual variations, especially in terms of inorganic ions content. For this reason, together with the advent of ethic laws on animal experimentation, reconstructed skin or epidermis models are extensively employed nowadays in penetration studies for cosmetic or pharmacological applications. It has been already verified that reconstructed human epidermis (RHE) has similar physiological mechanisms to native human skin, but until now, there are few studies where the elemental concentrations of both skins, reconstructed and native, are compared. In this work, freeze-dried thin sections of human native skin obtained from surgery have been characterized using PIXE, RBS and STIM at the CENBG nuclear microprobe. RHE samples were treated and analyzed in the same conditions for comparison. The combination of the different imaging and analysis techniques made possible a clear delimitation and identification of skin ultrastructure. The elemental concentrations of P, S, Cl, K and Ca were measured in the different strata. For both skins, concentrations have been compared and significant differences in terms of elemental concentrations have been determined using statistical approaches. Similar physiological characteristics were pointed out in both skin models, in particular the Ca gradient presumably involved in the regulation of the barrier effect.
1 :  CENBG - Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan
2 :  INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE PIERRE FABRE - Institut de Recherche Pierre FABRE
3 :  SKINETHIC LABORATORIES - SkinEthic Laboratories
Physique/Physique/Physique Médicale

Sciences du Vivant/Médecine humaine et pathologie/Dermatologie
Micro-PIXE – Micro-RBS – STIM – Skin models – Native skin – Epidermis