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Decoherence in supernova neutrino transformations suppressed by deleptonization
Esteban-Pretel A., Pastor S., Tomas R., Raffelt G.G., Sigl G.
Physical Review D 76 (2007) 125018 - http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00161087
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
Physique/Physique des Hautes Energies - Phénoménologie
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique
Decoherence in supernova neutrino transformations suppressed by deleptonization
A. Esteban-Pretel, S. Pastor, R. Tomas, G.G. Raffelt, G. Sigl1, 2
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
CNRS : UMR7164 – IN2P3 – Observatoire de Paris – Université Paris VII - Paris Diderot – CEA : DSM/IRFU
APC - UMR 7164, Université Paris Diderot, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, case postale 7020, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13
2 :  IAP - Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
CNRS : UMR7095 – INSU – Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) - Paris VI
98bis, bd Arago - 75014 Paris France
In the dense-neutrino region at 50-400 km above the neutrino sphere in a supernova, neutrino-neutrino interactions cause large flavor transformations. We study when the multi-angle nature of the neutrino trajectories leads to flavor decoherence between different angular modes. We consider a two-flavor mixing scenario between nu_e and another flavor nu_x and assume the usual hierarchy F(nu_e)>F{antinu_e)>F(nu_x)=F(antinu_x) for the number fluxes. We define epsilon=(F(nu_e)-F(antinu_e))/(F(antinu_e)-F(antinu_x)) as a measure for the deleptonization flux which is the one crucial parameter. The transition between the quasi single-angle behavior and multi-angle decoherence is abrupt as a function of epsilon. For typical choices of other parameters, multi-angle decoherence is suppressed for epsilon>0.3, but a much smaller asymmetry suffices if the neutrino mass hierarchy is normal and the mixing angle small. The critical epsilon depends logarithmically on the neutrino luminosity. In a realistic supernova scenario, the deleptonization flux is probably enough to suppress multi-angle decoherence.

Articles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
Physical Review D (Phys. Rev. D)
Publisher American Physical Society
ISSN 1550-7998 (eISSN : 1550-2368)

16 pages, 12 figures
Astrophysics – High Energy Physics – Phenomenology
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