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Assessment of natural radioactivity and associated radiation hazards in some Cameroonian building materials
Ngachin M., Garavaglia M., Giovani C., Kwato Njock M.G., Nourreddine A.
Radiation measurements 42 (2007) 61-67 - http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00170584
Chimie/Radiochimie
Assessment of natural radioactivity and associated radiation hazards in some Cameroonian building materials
M. Ngachin, M. Garavaglia, C. Giovani, M.G. Kwato Njock, A. Nourreddine1
1 :  DRS-IPHC - Département Recherches Subatomiques
CNRS : UMR7178 – IN2P3 – Université Louis Pasteur - Strasbourg I
23 rue du Loess - BP28 67037 Strasbourg cedex 2
France
The concentration of U-238, Th-232 and K-40 in 13 building materials obtained from factories and collected in field in Cameroon were investigated by gamma-ray spectrometry. The activity ranged from 1.76 to 49.84 Bq kg(-1), 0.32 to 147 Bq kg(-1) and 18 to 1226 Bq kg(-1) for U-238, Th-232 and K-40, respectively. The highest 238U activity was found in compressed red soil brick type I (49.6 +/- 0.3 Bq kg(-1)) produced by a local manufacturer while the highest Th-232 (139 +/- 13 Bq kg(-1)) and K-40 (1162 +/- 108 Bq kg(-1)) activities were found in gravel collected from an exploitation site in Logbadjeck. The activities are compared with available data from other investigations and with the world average value for soils. The radium equivalent activity Ra-eq, the external hazard index Hex, the indoor absorbed dose rate D in air and the annual effective dose equivalent E were evaluated to assess the radiation hazard for people living in dwellings made of the materials studied. All building materials have shown Raeq (range from 10 to 313 Bq kg(-1)) lower than the limit of 370 Bq kg(-1) set in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD, 1979. Exposure to radiation from the natural radioactivity in building materials. OECD, Paris] report which is equivalent to a gamma-dose of 1.5 mSv yr(-1). Except for the gravel from Logbadjeck, all the materials examined are acceptable for use as building materials as defined by the OECD criterion

Articles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
2007
Radiation Measurements (Radiat Meas)
Publisher Elsevier
ISSN 1350-4487 
42
61-67
(c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

natural radioactivity – U-238 – Th-232 – K-40 – radium equivalent – absorbed dose – external hazard index – building materials – gamma-ray spectrometry – Cameroon RADON EXHALATION RATE – EGYPT – RATES – RADIONUCLIDES – EXPOSURE – GRANITES – REGION – GREECE – STATE – SOIL