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Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Ray production in the polar cap regions of black hole magnetospheres
Neronov A., Semikoz D.V., Tkachev I.
New Journal of Physics 11 (2009) 065015 - http://hal.in2p3.fr/in2p3-00202522
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Ray production in the polar cap regions of black hole magnetospheres
A. Neronov, D.V. Semikoz1, 2, I. Tkachev
1 :  APC - UMR 7164 - AstroParticule et Cosmologie
CNRS : UMR7164 – IN2P3 – Observatoire de Paris – Université Paris VII - Paris Diderot – CEA : DSM/IRFU
APC - UMR 7164, Université Paris Diderot, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, case postale 7020, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13
2 :  CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research
We develop a model of ultra-high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) production via acceleration in a rotation-induced electric field in vacuum gaps in the magnetospheres of supermassive black holes (BH). We show that if the poloidal magnetic field near the BH horizon is misaligned with the BH rotation axis, charged particles, which initially spiral into the BH hole along the equatorial plane, penetrate into the regions above the BH "polar caps" and are ejected with high energies to infinity. We show that in such a model acceleration of protons near a BH of typical mass 3e8 solar masses is possible only if the magnetic field is almost aligned with the BH rotation axis. We find that the power of anisotropic electromagnetic emission from an UHECR source near a supermassive BH should be at least 10-100 times larger then UHECR power of the source. This implies that if the number of UHECR sources within the 100 Mpc sphere is ~100, the power of electromagnetic emission which accompanies proton acceleration in each source is comparable to the typical luminosities of active galactic nuclei (AGN) in the local Universe. We also explore the acceleration of heavy nuclei, for which the constraints on the electromagnetic luminosity and on the alignment of magnetic field in the gap are relaxed.

Articles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
New Journal of Physics (New. J. Phys.)
Publisher Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals
ISSN 1367-2630 

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