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Journal of Nuclear Materials 374 (2008) 320-326
Iodine isothermal migration behaviour in titanium nitride
S. Gavarini1, H. Jaffrezic1, P. Martin2, C. Peaucelle1, N. Toulhoat1, S. Cardinal3, N. Moncoffre1, C. Pichon1, M. Tribet1

Titanium nitride is one of the inert matrixes proposed to surround the fuel in gas cooled fast reactor (GFR) systems. These reactors will operate at high temperature and refractory materials with a high chemical stability and good mechanical properties are required. Furthermore, a total retention of the most volatile fission products, such as I, Xe or Cs, by the inert matrix is needed during the in-pile process. The isothermal migration of iodine in TiN was studied by implanting 800 keV I++ ions in sintered samples at an ion fluence of 5 × 1015 cm−2. Thermal treatments were performed under secondary vacuum at temperatures ranging from 1200 to 1700 °C. Iodine concentration profiles were determined by 2.5 MeV α-particle elastic backscattering. The migration of iodine seems to be correlated with point defects created by implanted ions near the surface. The Arrhenius plot corresponding to iodine detrapping is curved with possibly two straight-line regions which could indicate either the presence of two types of traps, or a strong dependence of trap's concentration on temperature above 1500 °C. The activation energies associated with each linear region of the Arrhenius plot were found to be: Ea = 2.4 ± 0.2 eV below 1500 °C and Ea' = 11.4 pm0.2eV above 1500 °C. Nitrogen evaporation from TiN surface under secondary vacuum was proposed as a contributing factor to the enhanced mobility of iodine at high temperature.
1 :  IPNL - Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
2 :  LLCC - Laboratoire des Lois de Comportement du Combustible
3 :  MATEIS - Matériaux, ingénierie et sciences
Physique/Matière Condensée/Autre