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Astronomy and Astrophysics 477 (2008) 717-734
SNLS Spectroscopy: Testing for Evolution in Type Ia Supernovae
T. J. Bronder, I. M. Hook, P. Astier1, D. Balam, C. Balland1, S. Basa2, R. G. Carlberg, A. Conley, D. Fouchez3, J. Guy1, D. A. Howell, J. D. Neill, R. Pain1, K. Perrett, C. J. Pritchet, N. Regnault1, M. Sullivan, S. Baumont1, S. Fabbro, M. Filliol2, S. Perlmutter, P. Ripoche3
SNLS Collaboration(s)

Aims: We present a quantitative study of a new data set of high redshift Type Ia supernovae spectra, observed at the Gemini telescopes during the first 34 months of the Supernova Legacy Survey. During this time 123 supernovae candidates were observed, of which 87 have been identified as SNe Ia at a median redshift of z=0.720. Spectra from the entire second year of the survey and part of the third year (59 total SNe candidates with 46 confirmed SNe Ia) are published here for the first time. The spectroscopic measurements made on this data set are used determine if these distant SNe comprise a population similar to those observed locally. Methods: Rest-frame equivalent width and ejection velocity measurements are made on four spectroscopic features. Corresponding measurements are presented for a set of 167 spectra from 24 low-z SNe Ia from the literature. Results: We show that there exists a sample at high redshift with properties similar to nearby SNe. No significant difference was found between the distributions of measurements at low and high redsift for three of the features. The fourth feature displays a possible difference that should be investigated further. Correlations between Type Ia SNe properties and host galaxy morphology were also found to be similar at low and high z, and within each host galaxy class we see no evidence for redshift-evolution in SN properties. A new correlation between SNe Ia peak magnitude and the equivalent width of SiII absorption is presented. We demonstrate that this correlation reduces the scatter in SNe Ia luminosity distances in a manner consistent with the lightcurve shape-luminosity corrections that are used for Type Ia SNe cosmology. Conclusions: We show that this new sample of SNLS SNe Ia has spectroscopic properties similar to nearby objects. (Abridged)
1 :  LPNHE - Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Énergies
2 :  LAM - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille
3 :  CPPM - Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique
supernovae: general - cosmology: observations - surveys
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