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Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 19 (2007) 346219
Structural investigation and electronic properties of the nickel ferrite NiFe2O4: a periodic density functional theory approach
H. Perron1, 2, T. Mellier1, 2, C. Domain1, J. Roques2, E. Simoni2, R. Drot2, H. Catalette1

Periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations using plane-wave basis sets were performed in order to study the bulk of nickel ferrite NiFe2O4. The local spin density approximation (LSDA) and the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) formalism were used, and it appeared that the LSDA failed to describe the magnetic structure of this compound. However, the GGA formalism gave reliable results in good agreement with experimental data for the lattice parameters, the electronic properties and the bulk modulus. In addition, the calculated density of states of the metallic species d block as well as their local magnetic moments were correlated to the crystal-field theory. Then, a charge deformation map was computed and, as expected from the electronegativity scale, the electron excess is localized around oxygen atoms along the bond axes. The formation energies of metallic vacancies are in good agreement with the inverse spinel structure experimentally observed.
1 :  EDF R&D
2 :  IPNO - Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay