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Astronomy and Astrophysics 526 (2011) A145
Joint 3D modelling of the polarized Galactic synchrotron and thermal dust foreground diffuse emission
L. Fauvet1, J.F. Macías-Pérez1, J. Aumont2, 3, F.X. Désert1, 4, T.R. Jaffe3, A.J. Banday3, M. Tristram5, A.H. Waelkens, D. Santos1

We present for the first time a coherent model of the polarized Galactic synchrotron and thermal dust emissions which are the main diffuse foreground for the measurement of the polarized power spectra of the CMB fluctuations with the Planck satellite mission. We produce 3D models of the Galactic magnetic field including regular and turbulent components, and of the distribution of matter in the Galaxy, relativistic electrons and dust grains. By integrating along the line of sight we construct maps of the polarized Galactic synchrotron and thermal dust emission for each of these models and compare them to currently available data. We consider the 408 MHz all-sky continuum survey, the 23 GHz band of the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe and the 353 GHz Archeops data.}{The best-fit parameters obtained are consistent with previous estimates in the literature based only on synchrotron emission and pulsar rotation measurements. They allows us to reproduce the large scale structures observed on the data. Poorly understood local Galactic structures and turbulence make difficult an accurate reconstruction of the observations in the Galactic plane. Finally, using the best-fit model we are able to estimate the expected polarized foreground contamination at the Planck frequency bands. For the CMB bands, 70, 100, 143 and 217 GHz, at high Galactic latitudes although the CMB signal dominates in general, a significant foreground contribution is expected at large angular scales. In particular, this contribution will dominate the CMB signal for the B modes expected from realistic models of a background of primordial gravitational waves.
1 :  LPSC - Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie
2 :  IAS - Institut d'astrophysique spatiale
3 :  CESR - Centre d'étude spatiale des rayonnements
4 :  LAOG - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble
5 :  LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
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