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Journal of Mathematical Physics 52 (2011) 052107
Duality relations in the auxiliary field method
B. Silvestre-Brac1, C. Semay

The eigenenergies $\epsilon^{(N)}(m;\{n_i,l_i\})$ of a system of $N$ identical particles with a mass $m$ are functions of the various radial quantum numbers $n_i$ and orbital quantum numbers $l_i$. Approximations $E^{(N)}(m;Q)$ of these eigenenergies, depending on a principal quantum number $Q(\{n_i,l_i\})$, can be obtained in the framework of the auxiliary field method. We demonstrate the existence of numerous exact duality relations linking quantities $E^{(N)}(m;Q)$ and $E^{(p)}(m';Q')$ for various forms of the potentials (independent of $m$ and $N$) and for both nonrelativistic and semirelativistic kinematics. As the approximations computed with the auxiliary field method can be very close to the exact results, we show with several examples that these duality relations still hold, with sometimes a good accuracy, for the exact eigenenergies $\epsilon^{(N)}(m;\{n_i,l_i\})$.
1 :  LPSC - Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie
Physique/Physique Quantique
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