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International Workshop on Highly-efficient accelerators and reconfigurable Technologies (HEART2010) and 24th International Conference on Supercomputing (ICS'10), Tsukuba : Japon (2010)
An efficient CELL library for lattice quantum chromodynamics
Claude Tadonki1, G. Grosdidier1, O. Pene1

Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is the theory of subnuclear physics, aiming at modeling the strong nuclear force, which is responsible for the interactions of nuclear particles. Numerical QCD studies are performed through a discrete formalism called LQCD (Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics). Typical simulations involve very large volume of data and numerically sensitive entities, thus the crucial need of high performance computing systems. We propose a set of CELL-accelerated routines for basic LQCD calculations. Our framework is provided as a unified library and is particularly optimized for an iterative use. Each routine is parallelized among the SPUs, and each SPU achieves it task by looping on small chunk of arrays from the main memory. Our SPU implementation is vectorized with double precision data, and the cooperation with the PPU shows a good overlap between data transfers and computations. Moreover, we permanently keep the SPU context and use mailboxes to synchronize between consecutive calls. We validate our library by using it to derive a CELL version of an existing LQCD package (tmLQCD). Experimental results on individual routines show a significant speedup compare to standard processor, 11 times better than a 2.83 GHz INTEL processor for instance (without SSE). This ratio is around 9 (with QS22 blade) when consider a more cooperative context like solving a linear system of equations (usually referred as Wislon-Dirac inversion). Our results clearly demonstrate that the CELL is a very promising way for high-scale LQCD simulations.
1 :  LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
Informatique/Bibliothèque électronique
CELL – LQCD – linear algebra – parallelism