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Physical Review Letters 105 (2010) 252502
New Type of Asymmetric Fission in Proton-Rich Nuclei
A. N. Andreyev, J. Elseviers, M. Huyse, P. Van Duppen, S. Antalic, A. Barzakh, N. Bree, T. E. Cocolios, V. F. Comas, J. Diriken, D. Fedorov, V. Fedosseev, S. Franchoo1, J. A. Heredia, O. Ivanov, U. Köster2, B. A. Marsh, K. Nishio, R. D. Page, N. Patronis, M. Seliverstov, I. Tsekhanovich3, P. Van den Bergh, J. Van De Walle, M. Venhart, S. Vermote, M. Veselsky, C. Wagemans, T. Ichikawa, A. Iwamoto, P. Möller, A. J. Sierk

A very exotic process of β-delayed fission of 180Tl is studied in detail by using resonant laser ionization with subsequent mass separation at ISOLDE (CERN). In contrast to common expectations, the fission-fragment mass distribution of the post-β-decay daughter nucleus 180Hg (N/Z=1.25) is asymmetric. This asymmetry is more surprising since a mass-symmetric split of this extremely neutron-deficient nucleus would lead to two 90Zr fragments, with magic N=50 and semimagic Z=40. This is a new type of asymmetric fission, not caused by large shell effects related to fragment magic proton and neutron numbers, as observed in the actinide region. The newly measured branching ratio for β-delayed fission of 180Tl is 3.6(7)×10-3%, approximately 2 orders of magnitude larger than in an earlier study.
1 :  IPNO - Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay
2 :  ILL - Institut Laue-Langevin
3 :  CENBG - Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan
Physique/Physique Nucléaire Expérimentale
24.75.+i – 23.40.-s – 27.70.+q