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Comptes Rendus Physique 13 (2012) 521-538
Observational evidence of the accelerated expansion of the universe
Pierre Astier1, Reynald Pain1

The discovery of cosmic acceleration is one of the most important developments in modern cosmology. The observation, thirteen years ago, that type Ia supernovae appear dimmer that they would have been in a decelerating universe followed by a series of independent observations involving galaxies and cluster of galaxies as well as the cosmic microwave background, all point in the same direction: we seem to be living in a flat universe whose expansion is currently undergoing an acceleration phase. In this article, we review the various observational evidences, most of them gathered in the last decade, and the improvements expected from projects currently collecting data or in preparation.
1 :  LPNHE - Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Énergies
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique
Modern cosmology – Type Ia supernovae – Baryon acoustic oscillations – Weak lensing – Clusters – Dark energy – Cosmologie moderne – Supernovae de type Ia – Oscillations baryoniques – Lentilles gravitationnelles – Amas de galaxies – Energie noire
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