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Review of Scientific Instruments 81 (2010) 023902
In situ temperature measurements through i-anvils in diamond anvil cells.
Charlotte Gondé1, 2, Hélène Bureau2, 3, M. Burchard4, S. Henry4, G. Simon2, 3, J. Meijer5, S. Kubsky6

This study is devoted to in situ temperature measurement in diamond anvil cells (DAC) with implanted anvils (i-anvils). I-anvils consist of diamonds implanted with B and/or C ions, situated below the diamond's surface at a depth of 1-3 µm; forming sensors which are placed below the culet at the location of the DAC's sample chamber. I-anvils can be employed as temperature or pressure sensors, exploiting their electrical properties. We have tested the sensor's behaviour with temperatures up to 900°C, at ambient pressure and up to 6 GPa in real experimental conditions in two types of DAC. For this purpose, we performed experiments in four different i-anvils at temperatures up to 900°C. We have compared the signal measured by the sensors with the temperature measured by a thermocouple attached to the i-anvil. The temperature gradient between the sample chamber and the thermocouple position was taken into account by phase transition measurements of calibration standards. Reproducible laws of current variation with temperature have been established. We conclude that i-anvils are reliable and sensitive to measure the temperature in situ in diamond anvil cells with an accuracy of better than 1°C.
1 :  ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans
2 :  LPS - Laboratoire Pierre Süe
3 :  IMPMC - Institut de minéralogie et de physique des milieux condensés
4 :  Mineralogical Institute
5 :  CSNSM - Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse
6 :  Laboratoire de Surfaces
Planète et Univers/Sciences de la Terre/Géophysique


Sciences de l'environnement/Milieux et Changements globaux
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Gonde-Review_of_scientific_instruments-2010.pdf(423.5 KB)