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The 11th International Conference on Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, San Antonio : États-Unis (2012)
Isotopic fission fragment distributions as a deep probe to fusion-fission dynamics
F. Farget1, M. Caamano, O. Delaune1, O. B. Tarasov, X. Derkx1, K.-H. Schmidt2, A. M. Amthor, L. Audouin3, C.-O. Bacri3, G. Barreau2, B. Bastin1, D. Bazin, B. Blank2, J. Benlliure, L. Caceres1, E. Casarejos, A. Chbihi1, B. Fernandez-Dominguez, L. Gaudefroy4, C. Golabek1, S. Grévy1, B. Jurado2, O. Kamalou1, A. Lemasson1, S. Lukyanov, W. Mittig, D. J. Morrissey, A. Navin1, J. Pereira, L. Perrot3, M. Rejmund1, T. Roger1, M.-G. Saint-Laurent1, H. Savajols1, C. Schmitt1, B.M. Sherill, C. Stodel1, J. Taieb4, J.-C. Thomas1, A.C. Villari1

During the fission process, the atomic nucleus deforms and elongates up to the two fragments inception and their final separation at the scission deformation. The evolution of the nucleus energy with deformation defines a potential energy landscape in the multidimensional deformation space. It is determined by the macroscopic properties of the nucleus, and is also strongly influenced by the single-particle structure of the nucleus, which modifies the macroscopic energy minima. The fission fragment distribution is a direct consequence of the deformation path the nucleus has encountered, and therefore is the most genuine experimental observation of the potential energy landscape of the deforming nucleus. Very asymmetric fusion-fission reactions at energy close to the Coulomb barrier, produce well-defined conditions of the compound nucleus formation, where processes such as quasi-fission, pre-equilibrium emission and incomplete fusion are negligible. In the same time, the excitation energy is sufficient to reduce significantly structural effects, and mostly the macroscopic part of the potential is responsible for the formation of the fission fragments. We use inverse kinematics combined with a spectrometer to select and identify the fission fragments produced in 238U+12C at a bombarding energy close to and well-above the Coulomb barrier. For the first time, the isotopic yields are measured over the complete atomic-number distribution, between Z=30 and Z=63. In the experimental set-up, it is also possible to identify transfer-induced reactions, which lead to low-energy fission
1:  GANIL - Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds
2:  CENBG - Centre d'Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan
3:  IPNO - Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay
4:  DAM/DIF - DAM Île-de-France
Structure nucléaire
Physics/Nuclear Experiment
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