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European Physical Journal A: Hadrons and Nuclei 48 (2012) 29
Simultaneous measurement of neutron-induced capture and fission reactions at CERN
C. Guerrero, E. Berthoumieux1, L. Audouin2, F. Gunsing1, L. Tassan-Got2
TOF Collaboration(s)
(2012)

The measurement of the capture cross-section of fissile elements, of utmost importance for the design of innovative nuclear reactors and the management of nuclear waste, faces particular difficulties related to the γ-ray background generated in the competing fission reactions. At the CERN neutron time-of-flight facility n TOF we have combined the Total Absorption Calorimeter (TAC) capture detector with a set of three 235U loaded MicroMegas (MGAS) fission detectors for measuring simultaneously two reactions: capture and fission. The results presented here include the determination of the three detection efficiencies involved in the process: εTAC(n, f), εTAC(n, γ) and εMGAS(n, f). In the test measurement we have succeeded in measuring simultaneously with a high total efficiency the 235U capture and fission cross-sections, disentangling accurately the two types of reactions. The work presented here proves that accurate capture cross-section measurements of fissile isotopes are feasible at n TOF.
1 :  IRFU - Institut de Recherches sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers (ex DAPNIA)
2 :  IPNO - Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay
Physique/Physique Nucléaire Expérimentale