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Physical Review D 68 (2003) 102001
Coincidence and coherent data analysis methods for gravitational wave bursts in a network of interferometric detectors
Nicolas Arnaud1, M. Barsuglia1, Marie-Anne Bizouard1, Violette Brisson1, Fabien Cavalier1, Michel Davier1, Patrice Hello1, Stephane Kreckelbergh1, E.K. Porter1

Network data analysis methods are the only way to properly separate real gravitational wave (GW) transient events from detector noise. They can be divided into two generic classes: the coincidence method and the coherent analysis. The former uses lists of selected events provided by each interferometer belonging to the network and tries to correlate them in time to identify a physical signal. Instead of this binary treatment of detector outputs (signal present or absent), the latter method involves first the merging of the interferometer data and looks for a common pattern, consistent with an assumed GW waveform and a given source location in the sky. The thresholds are only applied later, to validate or not the hypothesis made. As coherent algorithms use a more complete information than coincidence methods, they are expected to provide better detection performances, but at a higher computational cost. An efficient filter must yield a good compromise between a low false alarm rate (hence triggering on data at a manageable rate) and a high detection efficiency. Therefore, the comparison of the two approaches is achieved using so-called Receiving Operating Characteristics (ROC), giving the relationship between the false alarm rate and the detection efficiency for a given method. This paper investigates this question via Monte-Carlo simulations, using the network model developed in a previous article.
1 :  LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
Physique/Relativité Générale et Cosmologie Quantique
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