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Optical System Design 2003, Saint-Etienne : France
Low loss coatings for the VIRGO large mirrors
F. Beauville1, D. Buskulic1, R. Flaminio1, F. Marion1, A. Masserot1, B. Mours1, F. Moreau1, J. Ramonet1, E. Tournefier1, D. Verkindt1, O. Veziant1, M. Yvert1, R. Barillé, V. Dattilo, D. Enard, F. Frasconi, A. Gennai, P. La Penna, M. Loupias, F. Paoletti, L. Bracci, G. Calamai, E. Campagna, G. Conforto, E. Cuoco, I. Fiori, G. Guidi, G. Losurdo, F. Martelli, M. Mazzoni, B. Perniola, R. Stanga, F. Vetrano, A. Viceré, J.-M. Mackowski2, N. Morgado2, L. Pinard2, A. Remillieux2, F. Acernese, F. Barone, E. Calloni, R. De Rosa, L. Di Fiore, A. Eleuteri, L. Milano, K. Qipiani, I. Ricciardi, G. Russo, S. Solimeno, M. Varvella, F. Bondu, A. Brillet, E. Chassande-Mottin, F. Cleva, T. Cokelaer, J.-P. Coulon, B. Dujardin, J.-D. Fournier, H. Heitmann, C. N. Man, F. Mornet, J. Pacheco, A. Pai, H. Trinquet, J.-Y. Vinet, N. Arnaud3, M. Barsuglia3, M.A. Bizouard3, V. Brisson3, F. Cavalier3, M. Davier3, P. Hello3, P. Heusse3, S. Kreckelberg3, C. Boccara, V. Loriette, Julien Moreau, V. Reita, P. Amico, L. Bosi, L. Gammaitoni, M. Punturo, F. Travasso, H. Vocca, L. Barsotti, S. Braccini, C. Bradaschia, G. Cella, C. Corda, A. Di Virgilio, I. Ferrante, F. Fidecaro, A. Giazotto, E. Majorana, L. Holloway, R. Passaquieti, D. Passuello, R. Poggiani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, L. Brocco, S. Frasca, C. Palomba, P. Puppo, P. Rapagnani, F. Ricci
VIRGO Collaboration(s)
(2004)

The goal of the VIRGO program is to build a giant Michelson type interferometer (3 kilometer long arms) to detect gravitational waves. Large optical components (350 mm in diameter), having extremely low loss at 1064 nm, are needed. Today, the Ion beam Sputtering is the only deposition technique able to produce optical components with such performances. Consequently, a large ion beam sputtering deposition system was built to coat large optics up to 700 mm in diameter. The performances of this coater are described in term of layer uniformity on large scale and optical losses (absorption and scattering characterization). The VIRGO interferometer needs six main mirrors. The first set was ready in June 2002 and its installation is in progress on the VIRGO site (Italy). The optical performances of this first set are discussed. The requirements at 1064 nm are all satisfied. Indeed, the absorption level is close to 1 ppm (part per million), the scattering is lower than 5 ppm and the R.M.S. wavefront of these optics is lower than 8 nm on 150 mm in diameter. Finally, some solutions are proposed to further improve these performances, especially the absorption level (lower than 0.1 ppm) and the mechanical quality factor Q of the mirrors (thermal noise reduction).
1 :  LAPP - Laboratoire d'Annecy le Vieux de Physique des Particules
2 :  LMA - Laboratoire des matériaux avancés
3 :  LAL - Laboratoire de l'Accélérateur Linéaire
virgo
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique
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