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Physical Review C 85 (2012) 025803
Ensemble inequivalence in supernova matter within a simple model
F. Gulminelli1, Ad.R. Raduta

A simple, exactly solvable statistical model is presented for the description of baryonic matter in the thermodynamic conditions associated to the evolution of core-collapsing supernova. It is shown that the model presents a first-order phase transition in the grand-canonical ensemble which is not observed in the canonical ensemble. Similarly to other model systems studied in condensed matter physics, this ensemble inequivalence is accompanied by negative susceptibility and discontinuities in the intensive observables conjugated to the order parameter. This peculiar behavior originates from the fact that baryonic matter is subject to attractive short-range strong forces as well as repulsive long-range electromagnetic interactions, partially screened by a background of electrons. As such, it is expected in any theoretical treatment of nuclear matter in the stellar environment. Consequences for the phenomenology of supernova dynamics are drawn.
1 :  LPCC - Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen
Physique théorique
Physique/Physique Nucléaire Théorique
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