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Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 678 (2012) 130-138
The FIRST experiment at GSI
R. Pleskac, Z. Abou-Haidar, C. Agodi, M.A.G. Alvarez, T. Aumann, G. Battistoni, A. Bocci, T.T. Böhlen, A. Boudard, A. Brunetti, M. Carpinelli, G.A.P. Cirrone, M.A. Cortes-Giraldo, G. Cuttone, M. De Napoli, M. Durante, J.P. Fernández-García, C. Finck1, B. Golosio, M.I. Gallardo, E. Iarocci, F. Iazzi, G. Ickert, R. Introzzi, D. Juliani1, J. Krimmer2, N. Kurz, M. Labalme3, Y. Leifels, A. Le Fevre, S. Leray, F. Marchetto, V. Monaco, M.C. Morone, P. Oliva, A. Paoloni, L. Piersanti, J.M. Quesada, G. Raciti, N. Randazzo, F. Romano, D. Rossi, M. Rousseau, R. Sacchi, P. Sala, A. Sarti, C. Scheidenberger, C. Schuy, A. Sciubba, C. Sfienti, H. Simon, V. Sipala, E. Spiriti, L. Stuttge1, S. Tropea, H. Younis, V. Patera

The FIRST (Fragmentation of Ions Relevant for Space and Therapy) experiment at the SIS accelerator of GSI laboratory in Darmstadt has been designed for the measurement of ion fragmentation cross-sections at different angles and energies between 100 and 1000. MeV/nucleon. Nuclear fragmentation processes are relevant in several fields of basic research and applied physics and are of particular interest for tumor therapy and for space radiation protection applications.The start of the scientific program of the FIRST experiment was on summer 2011 and was focused on the measurement of 400MeV/nucleon 12C beam fragmentation on thin (8mm) graphite target.The detector is partly based on an already existing setup made of a dipole magnet (ALADiN), a time projection chamber (TP-MUSIC IV), a neutron detector (LAND) and a time of flight scintillator system (TOFWALL). This pre-existing setup has been integrated with newly designed detectors in the Interaction Region, around the carbon target placed in a sample changer. The new detectors are a scintillator Start Counter, a Beam Monitor drift chamber, a silicon Vertex Detector and a Proton Tagger scintillator system optimized for the detection of light fragments emitted at large angles.In this paper we review the experimental setup, then we present the simulation software, the data acquisition system and finally the trigger strategy of the experiment.
1 :  IPHC - Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien
2 :  IPNL - Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon
3 :  LPCC - Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen
Physique/Physique Nucléaire Expérimentale
Elementary-particle – Experimental methods – Fragmentation – Hadrontherapy – Instrumentation – Nuclear physics