723 articles – 3327 Notices  [english version]
HAL : in2p3-00599673, version 1

Fiche détaillée  Récupérer au format
ANIMMA 2011, Ghent : Belgique (2011)
CALORIC: A Readout Chip for High Granularity Calorimeter
L. Royer1, J. Bonnard1, S. Manen1, P. Gay1, X. Soumpholphakdy1
ILC Collaboration(s)
(2011)

A very-front-end electronics has been developed to fulfil requirements for the next generation of electromagnetic calorimeters. The compactness of this kind of detector and its large number of channels (up to several millions) impose a drastic limitation of the power consumption and a high level of integration. The electronic channel proposed is first of all composed of a low-noise Charge Sensitive Amplifier (CSA) able to amplify the charge delivered by a silicon diode up to 10 pC. Next, a two-gain shaping, based on a Gated Integration (G.I.), is implemented to cover the 15 bits dynamic range required: a high gain shaper processes signals from 4 fC (charge corresponding to the MIP) up to 1 pC, and a low gain filter handles charges up to 10 pC. The G.I. performs also the analog memorization of the signal until it is digitalized. Hence, the analog-to-digital conversion is carried out through a low-power 12-bit cyclic ADC. If the signal overloads the high-gain channel dynamic range, a comparator selects the low-gain channel instead. Moreover, an auto-trigger channel has been implemented in order to select and store a valid event over the noise. The timing sequence of the channel is managed by a digital IP. It controls the G.I. switches, generates all needed clocks, drives the ADC and delivers the final result over 12 bits. The whole readout channel is power controlled, which permits to reduce the consumption according to the duty cycle of the beam collider. Simulations have been performed with Spectre simulator on the prototype chip designed with the 0.35 µm CMOS technology from Austriamicrosystems. Results show a non-linearity better than 0.1 % for the high-gain channel, and a non-linearity limited to 1 % for the low-gain channel. The Equivalent Noise Charge referred to the input of the channel is evaluated to 0.4 fC complying with the MIP/10 limit. With the timing sequence of the International Linear Collider, which presents a duty cycle of 1 %, the power consumption of the complete channel is limited to 43 µW thanks to the power pulsing. The total area of the channel is 1.2 mm2 with an analog memory depth of 16.
1 :  LPC - Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire [Clermont-Ferrand]
Sciences de l'ingénieur/Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique
Charge sensitive amplifier – CMOS circuits – Integrated circuit design – Analog processing – Analog-digital conversion – Calorimeters – Mixed signal circuits – Front-end electronics