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10th International Vienna Conference on Instrumentation, Vienne : Autriche
Status report on high-pressure TPC
P. Salin1, P. Gorodetzky1, J. Dolbeau1, T. Patzak1

HELLAZ experiment intends to measure with high precision the low-energy solar neutrino (p–p and 7Be) spectrum. The method uses the neutrino elastic scattering over the 2×1030 electrons contained in a 2000 m3 TPC filled with helium (for its high radio isotopic purity, its low transverse diffusion and its low drift velocity), at a pressure of 20 bar at 300 K. Reconstructing the neutrino energy requires a precise measurement over the angle and energy (between 100 keV and 1 MeV) of the scattered electron. 1% electron energy accuracy is easy to get through an integral charge measurement. An angular accuracy ≈±2° yields a neutrino energy resolution better than 10%, not only enough to separate the p-p and 7Be spectrum, but which also possibly allows to show the shape variation of p–p spectrum in certain cases of neutrino oscillations. In a TPC the only way to obtain an angular resolution better than 5° is to detect every single ionization electrons of the diffused electron cloud. Hence, we need a very fast detector (collection time less-than-or-equals, slant10 ns) and a gain of around 106 with a signal over noise ratio near 2 for the single electron detection. The only gas detector that meets the criterion is the MICROMEGAS detector which has a very good separation between electron and ion signal. These conditions are easy to obtain with a gas mixture like He and isoC4H10 at atmospheric pressure. But in the real condition at 20 bar, where we currently use CH4 as a quencher, we are limited to a gain less-than-or-equals, slant4–5×104. We have studied the dependence of the gain with the gas mixture. Several improvements have been done with a new mixing gas He, isoC4H10 and CH4. After a simulation with IMONTE45 we did obtain the right mixing gas and high gain up to 5×105 with near 50% efficiency for the single electron detection. Recently, a new improvement has been done with a double stage MICROMEGAS. With this set-up we obtained 1.6×106 and an efficiency greater than 90% for the single electron detection.
1 :  PCC - Physique Corpusculaire et Cosmologie - Collège de France
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Physique/Physique/Instrumentations et Détecteurs
Solar neutrinos – Time projection chamber – Gaseous detectors – High gain – Gas analysis