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Environmental Science and Pollution Research (2013) In Press
Evaluation of the anthropogenic influx of metal and metalloid contaminants into the Moulay Bousselham lagoon, Morocco, using chemometric methods coupled to geographical information systems
Mehdi Maanan1, Catherine Landesman2, Mohamed Maanan1, Bendahou Zourarah3, Paul Fattal1, Mohamed Sahabi3
(03/01/2013)

Superficial and cored sediment samples from the Moulay Bousselham lagoon and sub-watershed were analyzed for Al, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Mn, Ni, Cr, As, Hg and Cd. The temporal and spatial distributions of the main contamination sources of heavy metals were identified and described using chemometric and GIS methods. Sediments from coastal lagoons near urban and agricultural areas are commonly contaminated with heavy metals and the concentrations found in surface sediments are significantly higher than those from 50-100 years ago. The concentrations of these elements decrease sharply with depth in the sediment column and the elements are preferentially enriched in the <2 µm-size fraction of the sediment. The zones of enhanced risk of heavy metals were detected by means of GIS-based geostatistical modeling. According to sediment pollution indices and statistical analysis, heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Ni, Zn, Cr and Hg) that pose a risk have become largely enriched in the lagoon sediments during the recent period of agricultural intensification.
1 :  LETG - Géolittomer - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
2 :  SUBATECH - Laboratoire SUBATECH Nantes
3 :  Laboratoire de Géosciences Marines et Sciences de Sol
Sciences de l'Homme et Société/Etudes de l'environnement
Heavy metals – risk assessment – geographic information systems – sediment quality