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Astroparticle Physics 26 (2007) 420-432
One-dimensional Hybrid Approach to Extensive Air Shower Simulation
T. Bergmann1, R. Engel1, D. Heck1, N.N. Kalmykov2, S. Ostapchenko1, 2, T. Pierog1, T. Thouw1, Klaus Werner3

An efficient scheme for one-dimensional extensive air shower simulation and its implementation in the program CONEX are presented. Explicit Monte Carlo simulation of the high-energy part of hadronic and electromagnetic cascades in the atmosphere is combined with a numeric solution of cascade equations for smaller energy sub-showers to obtain accurate shower predictions. The developed scheme allows us to calculate not only observables related to the number of particles (shower size) but also ionization energy deposit profiles which are needed for the interpretation of data of experiments employing the fluorescence light technique. We discuss in detail the basic algorithms developed and illustrate the power of the method. It is shown that Monte Carlo, numerical, and hybrid air shower calculations give consistent results which agree very well with those obtained within the CORSIKA program.
1 :  FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE, INSTITUT FüR KERNPHYSIK - Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Kernphysik
2 :  D.V. SKOBELTSYN INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS - D.V. Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics
3 :  SUBATECH - Laboratoire SUBATECH Nantes
Physique/Astrophysique/Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique

Planète et Univers/Astrophysique
Cosmic rays – Extensive air shower – Simulation – Cascade equations
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