Contribution to Controlled Method of Varnish Removal from Easel Paintings by ns Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser - Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France Access content directly
Journal Articles Heritage Year : 2023

Contribution to Controlled Method of Varnish Removal from Easel Paintings by ns Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser

Abstract

Varnish removal from easel paintings is a restoration procedure that is regularly undertaken by cultural heritage conservators. In very few cases, traditional methods (chemical and mechanical) do not allow them to reach the goal of a perfectly controlled and selective cleaning. UV laser ablation has been considered since the 1990s to overcome these limitations, but its application to real cases is far from common practice. This study proposes a calibrated procedure based on ablation by an ns UV Nd:YAG laser at 266 nm combined with optical coherence tomography for micrometric laser varnish removal from inhomogeneous and highly photosensitive pictorial layers. The use of this wavelength for varnish removal, not adapted according to the literature, is discussed again after the beam shaping leading to a homogeneous and controlled intensity distribution. The innocuity is controlled by laser-induced luminescence, and some solutions for the transparency loss of the residual varnish following ablation are proposed.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
heritage-06-00175.pdf (6.04 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution
licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-04091962 , version 1 (09-05-2023)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Maxime Lopez, Xueshi Bai, Nicolas Wilkie-Chancellier, Vincent Detalle. Contribution to Controlled Method of Varnish Removal from Easel Paintings by ns Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser. Heritage, 2023, 6 (3), pp.3307-3323. ⟨10.3390/heritage6030175⟩. ⟨hal-04091962⟩
39 View
35 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More