J. Blaising, S. C. Blyth, G. J. Bobbink, and R. Bock, 1 A.B ohm, 1 L, p.15

3. A. Falciano and . Favara, 16 J.Fay, 25 O.Fedin, 38 M.Felcini, 49 B

Y. Galaktionov and S. N. Ganguli, 10 P.Garcia-Abia, 6 S, p.37

W. Jones, 3 P.de Jong, 17 I.Josa-Mutuberria, 26 A, p.32
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-01061037

C. K. Onig, 31 A.Kopp, 48 I.Korolko, 28 V.Koutsenko, 15, p.48

1. G. Maity and . Majumder, 10 L.Malgeri, 37 A.Malinin, 28 C.Ma~ na, 26 D.Mangeol, 31 S.Mangla, 10 P.Marchesini, 49 A, p.31

J. Pei, 1 S.Pensotti, 27 D.Perret-Gallix, 4 B.Petersen, 31 S, p.36
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00473368

. Pistolesi, Plyaskin, 28 M.Pohl, 49 V.Pojidaev, 28;16 H.Postema, 15 N, p.39

. Schmidt-kaerst, 1 D.Schmitz, 1 M.Schneegans, 4 N.Scholz, 49 H.Schopper, 50 D, J.Schotanus, issue.1, p.31
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00003712

1. C. Schwering and . Sciacca, 29 D.Sciarrino, 19 L.Servoli, 34 S.Shevchenko, 33 N.Shivarov, 42 V.Shoutko, p.15

P. Stickland, 36 H.Stone, 36 B.Stoyanov, 42 A.Straessner, 1 K.Sudhakar, 10 G.Sultanov, 18 L, Z.Sun, p.19

2. G. Vetlitsky and . Viertel, 49 M.Vivargent, 4 S.Vlachos, 6 R.V olkert, 48 H.Vogel, 35 H.Vogt, 48 I.Vorobiev, 17

I. P. Institut, R. , and D. Aachen, Physikalisches Institut, RWTH, D-52056 Aachen, FRG x 2 National Institute for High Energy Physics, NIKHEF, and University of Amsterdam, NL-1009 DB Amsterdam, The Netherlands 3 University of Michigan

H. University, D. Berlin, C. , and C. , USA 13 Institute of Atomic Physics and University of Bucharest, R-76900 Bucharest, Romania 14 Central Research Institute for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114, Hungary z 15 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Geneva, vol.23, issue.230 4, p.29, 1211.

S. , R. Institute, and P. High-energy-physics, Switzerland 23 INFN-Sezione di Lecce and Universit a Degli Studi di Lecce, I-73100 Lecce, Italy 24 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87544, USA 25 Institut de Physique Nucl eaire de Lyon, IN2P3-CNRS The Netherlands 32 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, 28 Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics 30 Department of Natural Sciences

-. Di, R. University-of-rome, and \. Sapienza, Spain 42 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Central Lab. of Mechatronics and Instrumentation, BU-1113 Soa, Bulgaria 43 Center for High Energy Physics 48 DESY-Institut f ur Hochenergiephysik, D-15738 Zeuthen, FRG 49 Eidgen ossische Technische Hochschule, ETH Z urich, CH-8093 Z urich, 51 High Energy Physics Group, Taiwan, China References [1] A. Bia las and R. Peschanski, Nucl. Phys. B273 (1986) 703; Nucl. Phys. B308) 101; E.A. De Wolf, I.M. Dremin and W. Kittel, pp.305-701, 1988.

D. Collab and P. Abreu, B247 (1990) 137; A. De Angelis, Mod, Phys. Lett, pp.5-2395, 1990.

F. Mandl and B. Buschbeck, Vietri sul Mare (Italy, Proc. 24 Int. Symp. on Multiparticle Dynamics Buschbeckand F. Mandl, ICHEP'96 Ref, pp.52-53, 1994.

A. Bia-las, M. Gazdzicki, . Phys, and . Lett, B252 (1990) 483; W. Ochs, Z. Phys, vol.339, p.50, 1991.

T. Sj-ostrand and . Comp, High-energy-physics event generation with PYTHIA 5.7 and JETSET 7.4, Computer Physics Communications, vol.82, issue.1, p.74, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0010-4655(94)90132-5

R. Brun, The l3 detector simulation is based on geant3, see (Revised), 1987, and uses gheisha to simulate hadronic interactions, see H, 1985.

I. G. Knowles and T. , Sj ostrand (conveners), \QCD Event Generators, p.103, 1996.